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Immigration and internal mobility in Canada

Author

Listed:
  • Michel Beine

    () (University of Luxembourg
    University of IZA
    University of CREAM
    University of CES-IFO)

  • Serge Coulombe

    () (University of Ottawa)

Abstract

Abstract We analyse the impact of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) and permanent immigrants on interprovincial mobility in Canada. Empirical results are analysed through the lens of a theoretical model that incorporates a job-matching framework in a migration model à la Harris and Todaro. The effect of the inflow of TFWs in interprovincial mobility is negative, substantial and significant. This is not the case for the inflow of permanent immigrants selected through the Canadian point system. The robustness of these empirical results to issues of endogeneity is assessed through a classical instrumentation approach as well as through a diff-in-diff analysis taking advantage of a pilot project facilitating the admission of TFWs in two Western provinces over the 2007–2010 period. Our paper suggests that, in general, the impact of immigration on labour market conditions depends critically on the way immigration policy is set.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe, 2018. "Immigration and internal mobility in Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 31(1), pages 69-106, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:31:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s00148-017-0645-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-017-0645-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yigit Aydede, 2017. "Immigration and location choices of native-born workers in Canada," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96, pages 113-134, March.
    2. Julia Jauer & Thomas Liebig & John P. Martin & Patrick A. Puhani, 2019. "Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006–2016," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 32(1), pages 1-22, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Internal mobility; Immigration policy; Foreign workers; Displacement effect;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J29 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Other
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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