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Democracy and Foreign Education

  • Antonio Spilimbergo

Despite the large amount of private and public resources spent on foreign education, there is no systematic evidence that foreign-educated individuals foster democracy in their home countries. Using a unique panel dataset on foreign students starting in the 1950s, I show that foreign-educated individuals promote democracy in their home country, but only if the foreign education is acquired in democratic countries. The results are robust to several estimation techniques, to different definitions of democracy, and to the inclusion of a variety of control variables, including democracy in trading partners, neighboring countries, level of income, and level and stock of education. (JEL D72, I21, O15, O17, P26)

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Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 99 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 528-43

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:99:y:2009:i:1:p:528-43
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.99.1.528
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  17. Stephanus PT Malan, 2001. "Contributing to the African Renaissance vision: The role of South African higher education institutions," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(4), pages 513-523.
  18. Bratsberg, Bernt, 1995. "The incidence of non-return among foreign students in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 373-384, December.
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