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Migration and Skills Disparities across the Canadian Provinces


  • Serge Coulombe
  • Jean-Francois Tremblay


Coulombe S. and Tremblay J.-F. Migration and skills disparities across the Canadian provinces, Regional Studies. This paper compares the skill intensity and schooling of the international immigrant, interprovincial migrant and Canadian-born population using data constructed from the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey (IALSS). On average, international immigrants to Canada have more years of schooling but a lower skill level than the Canadian-born population. The mean skill deficiency of the foreign-born population corresponds to three years of formal education in Canada. Interprovincial migrants typically have a higher skill intensity than the Canadian-born non-migrant population. It is shown that international immigration tends to reduce provincial disparities whereas interprovincial migration tends to increase them. The first effect dominates. [image omitted] Coulombe S. et Tremblay J.-F. Migration et disparites de competences entre les provinces canadiennes, Regional Studies. Nous comparons l'intensite en competences et la scolarite des immigrants internationaux, des migrants interprovinciaux et de la population nee au Canada en utilisant des donnees construites a partir de l'Enquete internationale sur l'alphabetisation et les competences des adultes de 2003. En moyenne, les immigrants internationaux au Canada ont davantage d'annees de scolarite mais un niveau plus faible de competences que la population nee au Canada. La deficience moyenne de competences de la population nee a l'etranger correspond a trois annees d'education formelle au Canada. Les immigrants interprovinciaux ont typiquement une intensite en competences plus elevee que la population non-migrante nee au Canada. Nous demontrons que l'immigration internationale tend a reduire les disparites interprovinciales alors que la migration interprovinciale tend a les augmenter. Le premier effet domine. Immigration internationale Fuite de cerveaux Capital humain Migration interprovinciale Disparites provinciales Intensite en competences Coulombe S. und Tremblay J.-F. Migration und Qualifikationsdisparitaten in den kanadischen Provinzen, Regional Studies. Wir vergleichen die Intensitat der Qualifikation und Schulausbildung von internationalen Immigranten, interprovinziellen Migranten und in Kanada geborenen Einwohnern anhand von Daten, die aus dem International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey von 2003 konstruiert wurden. Im Durchschnitt haben internationale Immigranten in Kanada mehr Jahre Schulausbildung, aber ein niedrigeres Qualifikationsniveau als die in Kanada geborene Bevolkerung. Der mittlere Qualifikationsmangel der im Ausland geborenen Bevolkerung entspricht einer dreijahrigen formellen Ausbildung in Kanada. Interprovinzielle Migranten verfugen in der Regel uber eine hohere Qualifikationsintensitat als die in Kanada geborene, nicht migrierende Bevolkerung. Wir zeigen, dass sich durch eine internationale Immigration die Disparitaten zwischen den Provinzen tendenziell verringern, wahrend sie sich durch eine interprovinzielle Migration tendenziell verstarken. Vorherrschend ist der erste Effekt. Internationale Immigration Abwanderung qualifizierter Fachkrafte Humankapital Interprovinzielle Migration Disparitaten zwischen Provinzen Intensitat der Qualifikation Coulombe S. y Tremblay J.-F. Migracion y desigualdades de formacion en diferentes provincias canadienses, Regional Studies. Comparamos la intensidad de la formacion y escolaridad entre inmigrantes internacionales, emigrantes interprovinciales y la poblacion nacida en Canada con ayuda de datos elaborados a partir del estudio International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey de 2003. De promedio, los inmigrantes internacionales en Canada tienen mas anos de escolaridad pero un menor nivel de cualificaciones que la poblacion nacida en Canada. La deficiencia media en la formacion entre la poblacion nacida en el extranjero corresponde a tres anos de educacion formal en Canada. Los emigrantes interprovinciales normalmente tienen un mayor nivel de cualificaciones que la poblacion no emigrante nacida en Canada. Aqui mostramos que la inmigracion internacional tiende a reducir las desigualdades entre las provincias mientras que la migracion interprovincial tiende a aumentarlas. Domina el primer efecto. Inmigracion internacional Fuga de cerebros Capital humano Migracion interprovincial Desigualdades entre provincias Nivel de cualificaciones

Suggested Citation

  • Serge Coulombe & Jean-Francois Tremblay, 2009. "Migration and Skills Disparities across the Canadian Provinces," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 5-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:1:p:5-18
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701654111

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rodolfo E. Manuelli & Ananth Seshadri, 2014. "Human Capital and the Wealth of Nations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(9), pages 2736-2762, September.
    2. Sweetman, Arthur, 2004. "Immigrant Source Country Educational Quality and Canadian Labour Market Outcomes," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2004234e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michel BEINE & Frédéric DOCQUIER & Caglar,OZDEN, 2015. "Dissecting Network Externalities in International Migration," JODE - Journal of Demographic Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 81(4), pages 379-408, December.
    2. Docquier Frédéric & Rapoport Hillel, 2009. "Documenting the Brain Drain of “La Crème de la Crème”: Three Case-Studies on International Migration at the Upper Tail of the Education Distribution," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 229(6), pages 679-705, December.
    3. Frederic DOCQUIER & Çaglar OZDEN & Giovanni PERI, 2010. "The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2010044, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. David de la Croix & Frederic Docquier, 2015. "An Incentive Mechanism to Break the Low-skill Immigration Deadlock," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 18(3), pages 593-618, July.
    5. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe, 2018. "Immigration and internal mobility in Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 31(1), pages 69-106, January.
    6. Serge Coulombe & Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2012. "Human Capital Quality and the Immigrant Wage Gap," Working Papers 1212E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
    7. Frédéric Docquier & Joël Machado & Khalid Sekkat, 2015. "Efficiency Gains from Liberalizing Labor Mobility," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(2), pages 303-346, April.
    8. Serge Coulombe & Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2014. "Quality of Work Experience and Economic Development: Estimates Using Canadian Immigrant Data," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(3), pages 199-234.
    9. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe & Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2015. "Dutch Disease and the Mitigation Effect of Migration: Evidence from Canadian Provinces," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(589), pages 1574-1615, December.
    10. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2012. "Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(3), pages 681-730, September.
    11. Assaf Razin & Jackline Wahba, 2015. "Welfare Magnet Hypothesis, Fiscal Burden, and Immigration Skill Selectivity," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(2), pages 369-402, April.
    12. Dinh, Huong & Pearson, Leonie, 2015. "Specifying community economic resilience - a framework for measurement," 2015 Conference (59th), February 10-13, 2015, Rotorua, New Zealand 202523, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    13. Rupert Waters & Helen Lawton Smith, 2014. "Universities and science and engineering labour markets in high-technology local economies: the cases of Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire," Chapters,in: Knowledge, Innovation and Space, chapter 11, pages 265-286 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Ugo Fratesi, 2014. "Editorial: The Mobility of High-Skilled Workers - Causes and Consequences," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1587-1591, October.
    15. Haußen, Tina & Haussen, Tina, 2016. "Job Changes and Interregional Migration of Graduates," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145618, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    16. Hatton, Timothy J., 2014. "The economics of international migration: A short history of the debate," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 43-50.
    17. Serge Coulombe & Jean-Francois Tremblay, 2009. "Education, Productivity and Economic Growth: A Selective Review of the Evidence," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 18, pages 3-24, Spring.
    18. Ariu, Andrea & Docquier, Frédéric & Squicciarini, Mara P., 2016. "Governance quality and net migration flows," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 238-248.
    19. Elisabeta JABA & Alina Mariuca IONESCU & Corneliu IATU & Christiana Brigitte BALAN, 2009. "The Evaluation Of The Regional Profile Of The Economic Development In Romania," Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi - Stiinte Economice, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 56, pages 537-549, November.


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