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Financial Frictions and Export Dynamics in Large Devaluations

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Abstract

We study the role of financial frictions and balance-sheet effects in accounting for the dynamics of aggregate exports in large devaluations. We investigate a small open economy with heterogeneous firms and endogenous export decisions in which firms face financing constraints and debt can be denominated in foreign units. Despite the negative impact of these channels on capital accumulation and output at the firm-level, we find that they only explain a modest fraction of the gradual increase of exports observed in these episodes. Exports increase since financially-constrained exporters are able to reallocate sales across markets. We show analytically the role of this mechanism on exports adjustment and document its importance using plant-level data.

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  • Kohn, David & Leibovici, Fernando & Szkup, Michal, 2017. "Financial Frictions and Export Dynamics in Large Devaluations," Working Papers 2017-13, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 13 Sep 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2017-013
    DOI: 10.20955/wp.2017.013
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    Cited by:

    1. Alfaro, Laura & Cunat, Alejandro & Liu, Yanping & Fadinger, Harald, 2018. "The real exchange rate, innovation and productivity : regional heterogeneity, asymmetries and hysteresis," Working Papers 18-05, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
    2. Laura Alfaro & Alejandro Cuñat & Harald Fadinger & Yanping Liu, 2017. "The Real Exchange Rate, Innovation and Asymmetries and Hysteresis," Harvard Business School Working Papers 18-044, Harvard Business School, revised May 2018.
    3. Defever, Fabrice & Riaño, Alejandro, 2017. "Twin peaks," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86598, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Friederike Niepmann & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2017. "Foreign Currency Loans and Credit Risk: Evidence from U.S. Banks," CESifo Working Paper Series 6700, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Stefan Avdjiev & Valentina Bruno & Catherine Koch & Hyun Song Shin, 2019. "The Dollar Exchange Rate as a Global Risk Factor: Evidence from Investment," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 67(1), pages 151-173, March.
    6. Kohn, David & Leibovici, Fernando & Szkup, Michal, 2017. "Financial Frictions, Trade, and Misallocation," Research Department working papers 1106, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    7. Alessandria, George & Avila, Oscar, 2017. "Trade Integration in Colombia: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Study with New Exporter Dynamics," Research Department working papers 1101, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    8. López-Martín Bernabé, 2019. "Firm Export Dynamics and the Exchange Rate: A Quantitative Exploration," Working Papers 2019-05, Banco de México.
    9. repec:fip:fedles:00097 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Alfaro, Laura & Cunat, Alejandro & Fadinger, Harald & Yanping, Liu, 2017. "The real exchange rate, innovation and productivity," Working Papers 17-04, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial frictions; large devaluations; export dynamics; balance-sheet effects;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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