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Exporters, importers and credit constraints

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  • Muûls, Mirabelle

Abstract

This paper analyses the interaction between credit constraints and trading behaviour. I construct a unique dataset containing firm-level trade transactions data, balance sheets and credit scores from an independent credit insurance company for Belgian manufacturing firms between 1999 and 2007. Firms are more likely to be exporting or importing if they enjoy lower credit constraints. Also, firms that have better credit rating export and import more, and more products to and from more countries. Whilst importing and exporting behavior are very similar in a static view, an analysis of how various margins of trade are related to credit constraints show a significant difference between the two. In the case of exports, it is the extensive margin of exports in terms of destinations that is significantly associated with credit constraints whereas for imports it is the extensive margin in terms of products.

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  • Muûls, Mirabelle, 2012. "Exporters, importers and credit constraints," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51516, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:51516
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    Cited by:

    1. Joachim Wagner, 2016. "Credit Constraints and Exports: A Survey of Empirical Studies Using Firm Level Data," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Microeconometrics of International Trade, chapter 12, pages 401-421, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Mélise Jaud & Madina Kukenova & Martin Strieborny, 2009. "Financial dependence and intensive margin of trade," PSE Working Papers halshs-00575005, HAL.
    3. Dai, Mi & Nucci, Francesco & Pozzolo, Alberto F. & Xu, Jianwei, 2021. "Access to finance and the exchange rate elasticity of exports," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    4. Joachim Wagner, 2016. "Credit Constraints and Margins of Import: First Evidence for German Manufacturing Enterprises," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Microeconometrics of International Trade, chapter 13, pages 423-452, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. T.T.A. Duong & C.J.M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074563335 Kool & L. Zhang, 2019. "Borrowing constraints and export decision: the case of Vietnamese exporters," Working Papers 19-21, Utrecht School of Economics.
    6. Saira Qasim & Marian Rizov & Xufei Zhang, 2021. "Financial constraints and the export decision of Pakistani firms," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 4557-4573, July.
    7. Joachim Wagner, 2016. "A survey of empirical studies using transaction level data on exports and imports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 215-225, February.
    8. Wagner, Joachim, 2015. "Credit constraints and the extensive margins of exports: First evidence for German manufacturing," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), vol. 9, pages 1-17.
    9. Anna Watson, 2021. "Trade credit, trade income elasticity and the international transmission of shocks," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 11(4), pages 687-733, December.
    10. Pradeep Kumar Keshari, 2016. "Spillovers from FDI and Decision to Export by the Domestic Firms: The case of select Indian industries," Working Papers id:11382, eSocialSciences.
    11. Agarwal, Natasha & Lodefalk, Magnus & Tang, Aili & Tano, Sofia & Wang, Zheng, 2018. "Mitigating Information Frictions in Trade: Evidence from Export Credit Guarantees," Working Papers 2018:12, Örebro University, School of Business, revised 19 Nov 2020.
    12. Gül, Selçuk & Taştan, Hüseyin, 2020. "The impact of monetary policy stance, financial conditions, and the GFC on investment-cash flow sensitivity," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 692-707.
    13. Ciani, Andrea & Bartoli, Francesca, 2015. "Export quality upgrading under credit constraints," DICE Discussion Papers 191, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    14. Paul Lavery & Jose-Maria Serena & Marina-Eliza Spaliara & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2021. "Private equity buyouts, credit constraints, and firm exports," Working Papers 2021_06, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    15. Zericho R. Marak & Deepa Pillai, 2021. "Relationship Between International Factoring and Cross-border Trade: A Granger Causality Approach," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 15(3), pages 320-337, August.
    16. Victor Motta, 2020. "Lack of access to external finance and SME labor productivity: does project quality matter?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 54(1), pages 119-134, January.
    17. Hea-Jung Hyun & Jung Hur, 2021. "Global Financial Crisis, Export Credit Insurance, and Scope Adjustment of Multiproduct Exporting Firms," Working Papers 2106, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.
    18. Li, Jie & Lan, Liping & Ouyang, Zhigang, 2020. "Credit constraints, currency depreciation and international trade," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).

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    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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