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Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Charles Bricongne

    (Centre de recherche de la Banque de France - Banque de France)

  • Lionel Fontagné

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Guillaume Gaulier

    (Centre de recherche de la Banque de France - Banque de France)

  • Daria Taglioni

    (Centre de recherche de la Banque de France - Banque de France)

  • Vincent Vicard

    () (Centre de recherche de la Banque de France - Banque de France)

Abstract

Global trade contracted quickly and severely during the global crisis. This paper, using data on French firms, shows that most of the trade collapse is accounted by the intensive margin of large exporters but that many small exporters were forced to reduce both the number of products exported and destinations served or to stop exporting altogether. Small and large exporters su ered quantitatively proportional trade losses. Nonetheless, large fi rms absorbed the shock mostly by downsizing the value of exports and smaller rms by ceasing trade relationships. The di erential impact of the trade collapse on rms also had a distinct sectoral dimension, with firms exporting intermediate and equipment goods su ffering the worst losses. Finally, we find clear econometric evidence that the impact was greatest for nancially constrained firms, in particular if they were active in the sectors of high financial dependence. These results are robust to controlling for di erences in firm size and various determinants of the financial health of the fi rm.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Charles Bricongne & Lionel Fontagné & Guillaume Gaulier & Daria Taglioni & Vincent Vicard, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" hal-00639897, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00639897
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.07.002
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00639897
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    intensive and extensive margins; firms' heterogeneity; international trade; financial crisis; credit constraints; international trade; firms' heterogene-; ity; intensive and extensive margins;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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