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Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil

  • Bricongne, J-C.
  • Fontagné, L.
  • Gaulier, G.
  • Taglioni, D.
  • Vicard, V.

The unprecedented drop in international trade during the last quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009 has mostly been analysed at the macroeconomic or sectoral level. However, heterogeneous exporters in terms of productivity, size or external finance dependence should be hit differently by the crisis. This issue is examined here using data on monthly exports at the product and destination level for some 100,000 individual French exporters, up to 2009M4. We show that the drop in French exports is mainly due to the intensive margin of large exporters. Small and large firms are evenly affected when sectoral and geographical specialisations are controlled for. Lastly, firms (small and large) in sectors structurally more dependent on external finance are the most affected by the crisis.

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Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 265.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:265
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Web page: http://www.banque-france.fr/

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