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What Hinders Investment in the Aftermath of Financial Crises: Insolvent Firms or Illiquid Banks?

Author

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  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
  • Herman Kamil
  • Carolina Villegas-Sanchez

Abstract

We quantify the effects of lending and balance sheet channels on corporate investment during large crises in emerging markets. The depreciated currency creates investment opportunities in the tradable sector but firms might be financially constrained due to: 1) a deterioration of their balance sheet via un-hedged foreign currency debt (balance sheet channel) and 2) a decline in the supply of credit by banks (lending channel). We find that during twin crises, domestic exporters holding un-hedged foreign currency debt decrease investment while foreign exporters with better access to credit increase investment, in spite of their un-hedged foreign currency debt. We do not find such a differential effect under pure currency crises. Using firm-bank matched data during global financial crisis, we show that both domestic and foreign-owned firms experienced a decline in bank credit from affected banks however, foreign-owned firms substituted the lost credit.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Herman Kamil & Carolina Villegas-Sanchez, 2010. "What Hinders Investment in the Aftermath of Financial Crises: Insolvent Firms or Illiquid Banks?," NBER Working Papers 16528, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16528
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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