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Financial Market Imperfections and the Impact of Exchange Rate Movements on Exports

  • Nicolas Berman
  • Antoine Berthou

This paper analyzes empirically the role of financial market imperfections in the way countries' exports react to a currency depreciation. Using quarterly data for 27 developed and developing countries over the period 1990-2005, we find that the impact of a depreciation on exports will be less positive-or even negative-for a country if: (i) firms borrow in foreign currency; (ii) they are credit constrained; (iii) they are specialized in industries that require more external capital; (iv) the magnitude of depreciation or devaluation is large. This last result emphasizes the existence of a nonlinear relationship between an exchange rate depreciation and the reaction of a country's exports when financial imperfections are observed. This offers a new explanation for the consequences of recent currency crises in middle-income countries. Copyright © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2009.

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 17 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (02)
Pages: 103-120

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Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:17:y:2009:i:1:p:103-120
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