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The School-to-work transition in developing countries

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  • Björn Nilsson

    (Université Paris-Dauphine, PSL Research University,IRD, LEDa, DIAL)

Abstract

In this article I examine the research on school-to-work transitions in developing countries, mainly from an empirical perspective. I rst discuss the attempts at operationalizing the concept of school-to-work transition from a statistical point of view. Then, a review of the theoretical settings suitable for analyzing the schoolto- work transition is conducted and the applicability of underlying hypotheses to developing countries is discussed. Finally, the determinants of transitions at the individual and macro level are investigated. Findings from the literature indicate that education is not always associated with shorter durations to rst employment, and that this might stem from a variety of sources such as higher expectations, reservation wages or queuing. Women generally experience longer transitions in the labor market. Evidence from labor market interventions is mixed.

Suggested Citation

  • Björn Nilsson, 2017. "The School-to-work transition in developing countries," Working Papers DT/2017/07, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201707
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    2. Muhammad Shahadat Hossain Siddiquee & Md. Saiful Islam & Md. Raied Arman, 2021. "Gender Earnings Gap among Urban Youth Adults in Bangladesh: A Comparative Static Analysis," Research in Applied Economics, Macrothink Institute, vol. 13(3), pages 45-66, September.
    3. Klein Małgorzata, 2021. "Education and subjective well-being. Observations from Madagascar," Miscellanea Geographica. Regional Studies on Development, Sciendo, vol. 25(3), pages 188-193, July.
    4. Monica Lambon-Quayefio & Thomas Yeboah & Nkechi S. Owoo & Marjan Petreski & Catherine Koranchie & Edward Asiedu & Mohammed Zakaria & Ernest Berko & Yaw Nsiah Agyemang, 2023. "Empirical Review of Youth-Employment Programs in Ghana," Papers 2311.06048, arXiv.org.
    5. Ham Andrés & Maldonado Darío & Guzmán-Gutiérrez Carlos Santiago, 2021. "Recent trends in the youth labor market in Colombia: Diagnosis and policy challenges," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Sciendo & Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 11(1), pages 1-62, January.
    6. Daway-Ducanes, Sarah Lynne S. & Pernia, Elena E. & Ramos, Vincent Jerald R., 2022. "On the “income advantage” in course choices and admissions: Evidence from the University of the Philippines," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    7. Ragui Assaad & Caroline Krafft & Colette Salemi, 2023. "Socioeconomic Status and the Changing Nature of School-to-Work Transitions in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 76(4), pages 697-723, August.
    8. Marco Carreras & James Sumberg & Amrita Saha, 2021. "Work and Rural Livelihoods: The Micro Dynamics of Africa’s ‘Youth Employment Crisis’," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 33(6), pages 1666-1694, December.
    9. Doruk, Ömer Tuğsal & Pastore, Francesco, 2020. "School to Work Transition and Macroeconomic Conditions in the Turkish Economy," IZA Discussion Papers 13921, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Yeshwas Admasu & Gina Crivello & Catherine Porter, 2021. "Young women's transitions from education to the labour market in Ethiopia: A gendered life-course perspective," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2021-96, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. K. Ssebulime & E. Bbaale & M.I. Okumu, 2023. "Job creation fragility and transition to work in Uganda: Evidence from parametric and non-parametric duration models," Journal of Economic Policy and Management Issues, JEPMI, vol. 2(2), pages 1-18.
    12. Obbey Ahmed Elamin, 2018. "Impact of Informal Job-search on Wages for University Graduates in Egypt and Jordan," Working Papers 1272, Economic Research Forum, revised 19 Dec 2018.
    13. Sung‐Bou Kim, 2020. "Gender earnings gap among the youth in Malawi," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 32(2), pages 176-187, June.
    14. Andrés Ham & Darío Maldonado & Carlos Santiago Guzmán-Gutiérrez, 2019. "Tendencias recientes en la situación laboral de los jóvenes en Colombia: diagnóstico, desafíos y retos de política pública," Documentos de trabajo 17569, Escuela de Gobierno - Universidad de los Andes.
    15. Sènakpon Fidèle Ange Dedehouanou & Luca Tiberti & Gbodja Hilaire Houeninvo & Djohodo Inès Monwanou, 2022. "Working while studying: Employment premium or penalty for youth?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(2), pages 415-441, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    School-to-work transition; Labor markets in developing countries; Youth.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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