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New evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing country

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  • Souza, André Portela Fernandes de
  • Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro

Abstract

This paper presents new evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing-country context. We estimate the impact of family size on child labor and educational outcomes among Brazilian children and young adults by exploring the exogenous variation of family size driven by the presence of twins in the family. Using the Brazilian Census data for 1991, we nd that the exogenous increase in family size is positively related to labor force participation for boys and girls and to household chores for young women. We also and negative e ects on educational outcomes for boys and girls and negative impacts on human capital formation for young female adults. Moreover, we obtain suggestive evidence that credit and time constraints faced by poor families may explain the findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Souza, André Portela Fernandes de & Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro, 2012. "New evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing country," Textos para discussão 283, FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:283
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Patrick M. Emerson & Vladimir Ponczek & André Portela Souza, 2017. "Child Labor and Learning," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(2), pages 265-296.
    2. Wei Huang & Xiaoyan Lei & Yaohui Zhao, 2016. "One-Child Policy and the Rise of Man-Made Twins," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 467-476, July.
    3. Björn Nilsson, 2017. "The School-to-work transition in developing countries," Working Papers DT/2017/07, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    4. Hai-Anh H. Dang & F. Halsey Rogers, 2016. "The Decision to Invest in Child Quality over Quantity: Household Size and Household Investment in Education in Vietnam," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 30(1), pages 104-142.
    5. Argys, Laura M. & Averett, Susan L., 2015. "The Effect of Family Size on Education: New Evidence from China's One Child Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 9196, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Sonia Bhalotra & Damian Clarke, 2016. "The Twin Instrument," CSAE Working Paper Series 2016-38, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    7. Timothy J. Hatton, 2015. "Stature and Sibship: Historical Evidence," CEH Discussion Papers 039, Centre for Economic History, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
    8. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:1:p:1-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Magnus Hatlebakk, 2017. "Son Preference, Number of Children, Education and Occupational Choice in Rural Nepal," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 1-20, February.
    10. Stacey H. Chen & Yen-Chien Chen & Jin-Tan Liu, 2014. "The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement," NBER Working Papers 20443, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Emla Fitzsimons & Bansi Malde, 2014. "Empirically probing the quantity–quality model," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(1), pages 33-68, January.
    12. Stefan Öberg, 2015. "Sibship size and height before, during, and after the fertility decline," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 32(2), pages 29-74, January.
    13. Adriana D. Kugler & Santosh Kumar, 2017. "Preference for Boys, Family Size, and Educational Attainment in India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 54(3), pages 835-859, June.
    14. Haoming Liu, 2015. "The quantity–quality fertility–education trade-off," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 143-143, May.
    15. Jaqueline Oliveira, 2016. "Fertility, Migration, and Maternal Wages: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(3), pages 377-398.
    16. Dumas, Christelle & Lefranc, Arnaud, 2013. ""Sex in Marriage is a Divine Gift": For Whom? Evidence from the Manila Contraceptive Ban," IZA Discussion Papers 7503, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    17. Bladimir Carrillo & Jose G. Feres, 2018. "The Short-Tem Impacts Of Low Birth Weight On Health: Evidence From Brazil," Anais do XLIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 44th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 219, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    18. Kabir Dasgupta & Keisha T.-Solomon, 2017. "Family Size Effects on Child Health: Evidence on the Quantity-Quality Trade-off using the NLSY," Working Papers 2017-04 JEL Classificatio, Auckland University of Technology, Department of Economics.
    19. Carrasco, Marine & Kotchoni, Rachidi, 2017. "Efficient Estimation Using The Characteristic Function," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, pages 479-526.
    20. Cally Ardington & David Lam & Murray Leibbrandt & Alicia Menendez, 2015. "Fertility and mother's labour market behaviour: Evidence from the 2011 South African Census," SALDRU Working Papers 149, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
    21. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:29:y:2018:i:c:p:42-55 is not listed on IDEAS

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