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Quantity-Quality and the One Child Policy: The Only-Child Disadvantage in School Enrollment in Rural China

  • Nancy Qian

    ()

Many believe that increasing the quantity of children will lead to a decrease in their quality. This paper exploits plausibly exogenous changes in family size caused by relax- actions in China's One Child Policy to estimate the causal effect of family size on school enrollment of the �first child. The results show that for one-child families, an additional child signi�ficantly increased school enrollment of �first-born children by approximately 16 percentage-points. The effect is larger for households where the children are of the same sex, which is consistent with the existence of economies of scale in schooling costs.[Working Paper No. 228]

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2558
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