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Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond

Listed author(s):
  • Oded Galor
  • David N. Weil

This paper develops a unified growth model that captures the historical evolution of population, technology, and output. It encompasses the endogenous transition between three regimes that have characterized economic development. The economy evolves from a Malthusian regime, where technological progress is slow and population growth prevents any sustained rise in income per capita, into a Post-Malthusian regime, where technological progress rises and population growth absorbs only part of output growth. Ultimately, a demographic transition reverses the positive relationship between income and population growth, and the economy enters a Modern Growth regime, with reduced population growth and sustained income growth.

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Paper provided by Brown University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 99-35.

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Date of creation: 1999
Handle: RePEc:bro:econwp:99-35
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Department of Economics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912

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  17. Razin, Assaf & Ben-Zion, Uri, 1975. "An Intergenerational Model of Population Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(5), pages 923-933, December.
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