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Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policy, and Financial Stability

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This paper reexamines from a theoretical perspective the role of monetary and macroprudential policies in addressing the build-up of risks in the financial system. We construct a stylized general equilibrium model in which the key friction comes from a moral hazard problem in firms' financing that banks' equity capital serves to ameliorate. Tight monetary policy is introduced by open market sales of government debt, and tight macroprudential policy by an increase in capital requirements. We show that both policies are useful, but macroprudential policy is more effective in terms of financial stability and leads to higher social welfare.

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  • David Martinez-Miera & Rafael Repullo, 2019. "Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policy, and Financial Stability," Working Papers wp2019_1901, CEMFI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp2019_1901
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    Cited by:

    1. ÅžimÅŸek, Alp & Caballero, Ricardo, 2019. "Prudential Monetary Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 13832, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Abbate, Angela & Thaler, Dominik, 2023. "Optimal monetary policy with the risk-taking channel," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).
    3. Kim, Soyoung & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2022. "Examining macroprudential policy and its macroeconomic effects – Some new evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    4. Elien Meuleman & Rudi Vander Vennet, 2022. "Macroprudential Policy, Monetary Policy, and Euro Zone Bank Risk," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 18(4), pages 1-52, October.
    5. Ćehajić, Aida & Košak, Marko, 2021. "Macroprudential measures and developments in bank funding costs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    6. Guo, Wen-Chung & Tseng, Ping-Lun, 2023. "COVID-19, bank risk, and capital regulation: The aggregate shock and social distancing," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 155-173.
    7. Federico Bassi & Andrea Boitani, 2021. "Monetary and macroprudential policy: The multiplier effects of cooperation," DISCE - Working Papers del Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza def110, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    8. Yagüe Gurucharri, Miguel & García-Hiernaux, Alfredo & Jerez, Miguel, 1974. "Rethinking Basel III and beyond: a theory model to understand credit allocation and real state bubbles," MPRA Paper 119559, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Dec 2023.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank monitoring; intermediation margin; monetary policy; macroprudential policy; capital requirements; financial stability.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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