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Bank risk-taking, securitization, supervision and low interest rates: Evidence from the euro area and the U.S. lending standards

  • Maddaloni, Angela
  • Peydró, José-Luis

Using a unique dataset of the Euro area and the U.S. bank lending standards, we find that low (monetary policy) short-term interest rates soften standards, for household and corporate loans. This softening – especially for mortgages – is amplified by securitization activity, weak supervision for bank capital and too low for too long monetary policy rates. Conversely, low long-term interest rates do not soften lending standards. Finally, countries with softer lending standards before the crisis related to negative Taylor-rule residuals experienced a worse economic performance afterwards. These results help shed light on the origins of the crisis and have important policy implications. JEL Classification: G01, G21, G28, E44, E5

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Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1248.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101248
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