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Monetary Policy at Work: Security and Credit Application Registers Evidence

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  • Peydr�, Jos� Luis
  • Polo, Andrea
  • Sette, Enrico

Abstract

The potency of the bank lending channel of monetary policy may be limited if banks rebalance their portfolios towards securities, e.g. to pursue risk-shifting or liquidity hoarding. To test for the bank lending and risk-taking (reach-for-yield) channels, we therefore analyze banks' securities trading, in addition to credit supply, in turn allowing us to also study the empirical relevance of key financial frictions. For identification, since the creation of the euro, we exploit the security and credit application registers owned by the central bank of Italy. In crisis times, we find that, with softer monetary policy, less capitalized banks prefer buying securities rather than increasing credit supply (not due to lack of good loan applications), thereby impacting firm-level real outcomes. Moreover, more - not less - capitalized banks reach-for-yield, which is inconsistent with the risk-shifting hypothesis. Results suggest that the main drivers at work are access to liquidity and risk-bearing capacity, and not regulatory capital arbitrage. Finally, in pre-crisis times, when financial frictions are limited, less capitalized banks do not expand securities holdings over credit supply.

Suggested Citation

  • Peydr�, Jos� Luis & Polo, Andrea & Sette, Enrico, 2017. "Monetary Policy at Work: Security and Credit Application Registers Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 12011, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12011
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    3. Matías Lamas & Javier Mencía, 2018. "What drives sovereign debt portfolios of banks in a crisis context?," Working Papers 1843, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    4. Carlo Altavilla & Marco Pagano & Saverio Simonelli, 2017. "Bank Exposures and Sovereign Stress Transmission," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(6), pages 2103-2139.
    5. Bottero, Margherita & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydro, Jose-Luis & Polo, Andrea & Presbitero, Andrea & Sette, Enrico, 2019. "Expansionary Yet Different: Credit Supply and Real Effects of Negative Interest Rate Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 14233, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Óscar Arce & Miguel García-Posada & Sergio Mayordomo & Steven Ongena, 2018. "Adapting lending policies in a “negative-for-long” scenario (Updated October 2020)," Working Papers 1832, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage, revised Oct 2020.
    7. Gabriel Jiménez & José-Luis Peydró & Rafael Repullo & Jesús Saurina, 2017. "Burning Money? Government Lending in a Credit Crunch," Working Papers 984, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    8. Massimiliano Affinito, 2019. "What do almost 20 years of micro data and two crises say about the relationship between central bank and interbank market liquidity? Evidence from Italy," BIS Working Papers 821, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Grandi, Pietro, 2019. "Sovereign stress and heterogeneous monetary transmission to bank lending in the euro area," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 251-273.
    10. Paludkiewicz, Karol, 2018. "Unconventional monetary policy, bank lending, and security holdings: The yield-induced portfolio rebalancing channel," Discussion Papers 22/2018, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    11. Pietro Grandi, 2018. "Sovereign risk and cross-country heterogeneity in the transmission of monetary policy to bank lending in the euro area," Working Papers hal-01878602, HAL.
    12. Matteo Crosignani & Miguel Faria-e-Castro & Luis Fonseca, "undated". "The (Unintended?) Consequences of the Largest Liquidity Injection Ever," Working Papers 2017-039, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    13. Mark Mink & Rodney Ramcharan & Iman van Lelyveld, 2020. "How Banks Respond to Distress: Shifting Risks in Europe’s Banking Union," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 20-006/IV, Tinbergen Institute.
    14. Anne Kathrin Funk, 2019. "Quantitative easing in the euro area and SMEs' access to finance: Who benefits the most?," IHEID Working Papers 02-2019, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    15. Anne Kathrin Funk, 2019. "Quantitative Lockerung in der Eurozone und Finanzierungs­bedingungen von KMU: Wer profitiert am meisten?," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 13(1), pages 82-91, March.
    16. Bottero, Margherita & Lenzu, Simone & Mezzanotti, Filippo, 2020. "Sovereign debt exposure and the bank lending channel: Impact on credit supply and the real economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    17. Mark Mink & Rodney Ramcharan & Iman van Lelyveld, 2020. "How banks respond to distress: Shifting risks in Europe's banking union," DNB Working Papers 669, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    18. Margherita Bottero & Camelia Minoiu & José-Luis Peydro & Andrea Polo & Andrea F Presbitero & Enrico Sette, 2019. "Negative Monetary Policy Rates and Portfolio Rebalancing: Evidence from Credit Register Data," IMF Working Papers 19/44, International Monetary Fund.
    19. Acharya, Viral V. & Jager, Maximilian & Steffen, Sascha & Steinruecke, Lea, 2020. "Kicking the can down the road: government interventions in the European banking sector," CEPR Discussion Papers 15009, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank capital; loan applications; monetary policy; reach-for-yield; regulatory arbitrage; securities; Sovereign debt;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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