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Unconventional Monetary Policy and Bank Lending Relationships

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  • Cahn, Christophe
  • Duquerroy, Anne
  • Mullins, William

    (UC San Diego)

Abstract

We explore how banks transmit central bank liquidity injections using unique variation in the ECB’s 2011-12 Very Long-Term Refinancing Operations (VLTROs) which affected lending to firms discontinuously across credit ratings (i.e., within banks). We show that banks transmit liquidity differently to multi-bank firms than to firms with only one bank. Single-bank firms receive longer-term relationship lending and increase investment, while multi-bank firms receive short-term transactions-style lending only. Policy effects are attributable to increasing the maturity of bank borrowing from the ECB in combination with allowing banks to use loans to firms as collateral for such borrowing.

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  • Cahn, Christophe & Duquerroy, Anne & Mullins, William, 2017. "Unconventional Monetary Policy and Bank Lending Relationships," SocArXiv vgk25, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:vgk25
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/vgk25
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    Cited by:

    1. Woo Jin Choi & Ju Hyun Pyun & Youngjin Yun, 2020. "Reserve Accumulation and Firm Investment: Evidence from Matched Bank–Firm Data," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2020_027, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    2. Delatte, Anne-Laure & Garg, Pranav & Imbs, Jean, 2019. "The transmission channels of unconventional monetary policy: Evidence from a change in collateral requirements in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 13693, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Aghion, Philippe & Bergeaud, Antonin & Cette, Gilbert & Lecat, Rémy & Maghin, Hélène, 2018. "The inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 91711, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Dirk Schoenmaker, 2021. "Greening monetary policy," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 581-592, April.
    5. Luck, Stephan & Zimmermann, Tom, 2020. "Employment effects of unconventional monetary policy: Evidence from QE," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(3), pages 678-703.
    6. Jasova, Martina & Mendicino, Caterina & Supera, Dominik, 2021. "Policy uncertainty, lender of last resort and the real economy," Working Paper Series 2521, European Central Bank.
    7. Lucia Esposito & Davide Fantino & Yeji Sung, 2020. "The impact of TLTRO2 on the Italian credit market: some econometric evidence," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1264, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Christophe Cahn & Mattia Girotti & Federica Salvadè, 2018. "External Credit Ratings and Bank Lending," Working papers 691, Banque de France.
    9. William Mullins & Patricio Toro, 2018. "Credit Guarantees and New Bank Relationships," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 820, Central Bank of Chile.
    10. Anne Duquerroy & Adrien Matray & Farzad Saidi, 2020. "Sticky Deposit Rates and Allocative Effects of Monetary Policy," Working Papers 279, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    11. Paolo Fegatelli, 2019. "Central bank digital currencies: The case of universal central bank reserves," BCL working papers 130, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    12. Anne Duquerroy & Adrien Matray & Farzad Saidi, 2020. "Sticky Deposit Rates and Allocative Effects of Monetary Policy," Working Papers 279, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    13. Ouerk, Salima & Boucher, Christophe & Lubochinsky, Catherine, 2020. "Unconventional monetary policy in the Euro Area: Shadow rate and light effets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    14. Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Paul Hubert, 2018. "The effect and risks of ECB collateral framework changes," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/4hi059h9n59, Sciences Po.
    15. Christophe CAHN & Anne DUQUERROY, 2018. "Non-standard monetary policy: what impact on small and medium-sized enterprises financing?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 65, June.
    16. Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat & Hélène Maghin, 2019. "Coase Lecture ‐ The Inverted‐U Relationship Between Credit Access and Productivity Growth," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 86(341), pages 1-31, January.
    17. Bank for International Settlements, 2019. "Unconventional monetary policy tools: a cross-country analysis," CGFS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 63, June.

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    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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