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The inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth

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  • Aghion, Philippe
  • Bergeaud, Antonin
  • Cette, Gilbert
  • Lecat, Rémy
  • Maghin, Hélène

Abstract

In this paper we identify two counteracting effects of credit access on productivity growth: on the one hand, better access to credit makes it easier for entrepreneurs to innovate; on the other hand, better credit access allows less efficient incumbent firms to remain longer on the market, thereby discouraging entry of new and potentially more efficient innovators. We first develop a simple model of firm dynamics and innovation-base growth with credit constraints, where the above two counteracting effects generate an inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth. Then we test our theory on a comprehensive French manufacturing firm-level dataset. We first show evidence of an inverted-U relationship between credit constraints and productivity growth when we aggregate our data at sectoral level. We then move to firm-level analysis, and show that incumbent firms with easier access to credit experience higher productivity growth, but that they also experienced lower exit rates, particularly the least productive firms among them. To confirm our results, we exploit the 2012 Eurosystem's Additional Credit Claims (ACC) program as a quasiexperiment that generated exogenous extra supply of credits for a subset of incumbent firms.

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  • Aghion, Philippe & Bergeaud, Antonin & Cette, Gilbert & Lecat, Rémy & Maghin, Hélène, 2018. "The inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 91711, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:91711
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Zhu, Xiaoyang & Asimakopoulos, Stylianos & Kim, Jaebeom, 2020. "Financial development and innovation-led growth: Is too much finance better?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    4. Ernest Liu & Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2019. "Low Interest Rates, Market Power, and Productivity Growth," NBER Working Papers 25505, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Suzuki, Keishun, 2020. "Patent Puzzle, Inflation, and Internal Financial Constraint," MPRA Paper 101937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Gigout, Timothee, 2019. "Firm dynamics in an global and uncertain economy," MPRA Paper 96569, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Oct 2019.
    7. Falco J. Bargagli-Dtoffi & Massimo Riccaboni & Armando Rungi, 2020. "Machine Learning for Zombie Hunting. Firms Failures and Financial Constraints," Working Papers 01/2020, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Jun 2020.
    8. Minetti, Raoul & Cao, Qingqing & Giordani, Paolo & Murro, Pierluigi, 2020. "Credit Markets, Relationship Banking, and Firm Entry," Working Papers 2020-10, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
    9. Ouerk, Salima & Boucher, Christophe & Lubochinsky, Catherine, 2020. "Unconventional monetary policy in the Euro Area: Shadow rate and light effets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    10. BENEDETTI FASIL Cristiana & IMPULLITTI Giammario & LICANDRO Omar & SEDLACEK Petr, 2020. "Firm and Technology Dynamics in the Short- and Long-Run: A Macroeconomic Model for Research and Innovation Policy Evaluation," JRC Working Papers JRC120871, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    11. Alimov, Behzod, 2019. "Private debt, public debt, and capital misallocation," IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers 7/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    12. Christian Abele & Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné, 2020. "One Size Does Not Fit All: TFP in the Aftermath of Financial Crises in Three European Countries," PSE Working Papers halshs-02883685, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inverted-u relationship; credit; eurosystem;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

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