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The Inverted-U Relationship between Credit Access and Productivity Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Philippe Aghion
  • Antonin Bergeaud
  • Gilbert Cette
  • Rémy Lecat
  • Hélène Maghin

Abstract

In this paper we identify two counteracting effects of credit access on productivity growth: on the one hand, better access to credit makes it easier for entrepreneurs to innovate; on the other hand, better credit access allows less efficient incumbent firms to remain longer on the market, thereby discouraging entry of new and potentially more efficient innovators. We first develop a simple model of firm dynamics and innovation-base growth with credit constraints, where the above two counteracting effects generate an inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth. Then we test our theory on a comprehensive French manufacturing firm-level dataset. We first show evidence of an inverted-U relationship between credit constraints and productivity growth when we aggregate our data at sectoral level. We then move to firm-level analysis, and show that incumbent firms with easier access to credit experience higher productivity growth, but that they also experienced lower exit rates, particularly the least productive firms among them. To confirm our results, we exploit the 2012 Eurosystem's Additional Credit Claims (ACC) program as a quasi-experiment that generated exogenous extra supply of credits for a subset of incumbent firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat & Hélène Maghin, 2018. "The Inverted-U Relationship between Credit Access and Productivity Growth," CEP Discussion Papers dp1588, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1588
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. R. Cezar & T. Gigout & F. Tripier, 2020. "Cross-border investments and uncertainty: Firm-level evidence," Post-Print hal-02877942, HAL.
    2. Minetti, Raoul & Cao, Qingqing & Giordani, Paolo & Murro, Pierluigi, 2020. "Credit Markets, Relationship Banking, and Firm Entry," Working Papers 2020-10, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Polemis, Michael & Tselekounis, Markos, 2019. "Does deregulation drive innovation intensity? Lessons learned from the OECD telecommunications sector," MPRA Paper 92770, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Zhu, Xiaoyang & Asimakopoulos, Stylianos & Kim, Jaebeom, 2020. "Financial development and innovation-led growth: Is too much finance better?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    5. BENEDETTI FASIL Cristiana & IMPULLITTI Giammario & LICANDRO Omar & SEDLACEK Petr, 2020. "Firm and Technology Dynamics in the Short- and Long-Run: A Macroeconomic Model for Research and Innovation Policy Evaluation," JRC Working Papers JRC120871, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    6. Suzuki, Keishun, 2020. "Patent Puzzle, Inflation, and Internal Financial Constraint," MPRA Paper 101937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Gigout, Timothee, 2019. "Firm dynamics in an global and uncertain economy," MPRA Paper 96569, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Oct 2019.
    8. Christian Abele & Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné, 2020. "One Size Does Not Fit All: TFP in the Aftermath of Financial Crises in Three European Countries," PSE Working Papers halshs-02883685, HAL.
    9. Cezar, Rafael & Gigout, Timothée & Tripier, Fabien, 2020. "Cross-border investments and uncertainty: Firm-level evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    10. Falco J. Bargagli-Dtoffi & Massimo Riccaboni & Armando Rungi, 2020. "Machine Learning for Zombie Hunting. Firms Failures and Financial Constraints," Working Papers 01/2020, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Jun 2020.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    inverted-u relationship; credit; eurosystem;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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