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Military Draft and Economic Growth in OECD Countries

Listed author(s):
  • Keller, Katarina

    ()

    (Susquehanna University)

  • Poutvaara, Panu

    ()

    (University of Munich)

  • Wagener, Andreas

    ()

    (Leibniz University of Hannover)

Economic theory predicts that military conscription is associated with static inefficiencies as well as with dynamic distortions of the accumulation of human and physical capital. Relative to an economy with an all-volunteer force, output levels and growth rates should be lower in countries that rely on a military draft to recruit their army personnel. For OECD countries, we show that military conscription indeed has a statistically significantly negative impact on economic performance.

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File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp2022.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2022.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Publication status: published in: Defense and Peace Economics, 2009, 20 (5), 373-393
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2022
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