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Aggregate returns to social capital: Estimates based on the augmented augmented-Solow model

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  • Ishise, Hirokazu
  • Sawada, Yasuyuki

Abstract

We extend the augmented-Solow model to estimate the aggregate output elasticity and depreciation rate of social capital that characterize aggregate returns. The estimated output elasticity is approximately 0.1. While social capital positively affects economic growth, the magnitude is much smaller than that of other production inputs. The estimated depreciation rate is at least 10% per annum, which is higher than that of physical capital. The median value of the implied aggregate return of social capital is approximately 19.11% at the global level. In OECD countries, it is likely to be considerably smaller than the individual returns, suggesting the fallacy of composition. While there is no systematic relationship between GDP per capita and returns to physical or human capital, the aggregate returns to social capital seem to be negatively related to the level of development.

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  • Ishise, Hirokazu & Sawada, Yasuyuki, 2009. "Aggregate returns to social capital: Estimates based on the augmented augmented-Solow model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 376-393, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:31:y:2009:i:3:p:376-393
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    Cited by:

    1. Shoji, Masahiro & Aoyagi, Keitaro & Kasahara, Ryuji & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Ueyama, Mika, 2012. "Social Capital Formation and Credit Access: Evidence from Sri Lanka," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(12), pages 2522-2536.
    2. Rauf Gönenç & Oliver Röhn & Christian Beer & Andreas Wörgötter, 2013. "Responding to Key Well-being Challenges in Austria," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1080, OECD Publishing.
    3. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Dinh, Hinh T., 2015. "Social capital, product imitation and growth with learning externalities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 41-54.
    4. Shoji, Masahiro & Aoyagi, Keitaro & Kasahara, Ryuji & Sawada, Yasuyuki, 2010. "Motives behind Community Participation," Working Papers 16, JICA Research Institute.
    5. Feng Dai & Jianping Qi & Ling Liang, 2011. "Socio-economic development model based on stochastic advance-retreat course: An analysis on US economy in recent 70 years," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(5), pages 416-437, April.
    6. Paula Puškárová, 2015. "Analýza vplyvu ľudského kapitálu na celkovú produktivitu faktorov v regiónoch EÚ modelom SDM
      [Analysis of the Human Capital Impacts on the Total Factor Productivity in the EU Regions By Means of th
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(5), pages 657-675.
    7. Aoyagi, Keitaro & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Shoji, Masahiro, 2014. "Does Infrastructure Facilitate Social Capital Accumulation? Evidence from Natural and Artefactual Field Experiments in a Developing Country," Working Papers 65, JICA Research Institute.
    8. repec:eco:journ1:2017-02-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Puškárová, Paula & Piribauer, Philipp, 2016. "The impact of knowledge spillovers on total factor productivity revisited: New evidence from selected European capital regions," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 335-344.
    10. Paula Puskarova & Philipp Piribauer, 2014. "The impact of knowledge spillovers on regional total factor productivity. New empirical evidence from selected European countries," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1813, European Regional Science Association.

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