The peace dividend : military spending cuts and economic growth
Conventional wisdom suggests that reducing military spending may improve a country's economic growth, but empirical studies have produced ambiguous results on this point. Extending a standard growth model, the authors exploit both cross-section and time-series dimensions of available data to get consistent estimates of the growth-retarding effects of military spending. Military spending is growth-retarding because of its adverse impact on capital formation and resourceallocation. Model simulation results suggest a substantial long-term peace dividend - in the form of higher capacity output per capita - that may result from: 1) markedly lower military spending in most regions in the late 1980s; and 2) future cuts in military spending if global peace is secured.
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