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Does a military draft discourage enrollment in higher education?

Author

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  • Keller, Katarina
  • Poutvaara, Panu
  • Wagener, Andreas

Abstract

Using data from 1960 to 2000 for OECD countries, we analyze the effect of compulsory military service on the demand for higher education, measured by the fraction of the working-age population enrolled in tertiary education. Based on a theoretical model, we hypothesize that a military draft has a negative effect on education. Empirically, we confirm this for the mere existence of conscription, albeit usually at low statistical significance. However, increasing intensity of its enforcement, measured by the share of the labor force conscripted by the military and the duration of service, significantly reduces enrollment in higher education.

Suggested Citation

  • Keller, Katarina & Poutvaara, Panu & Wagener, Andreas, 2010. "Does a military draft discourage enrollment in higher education?," Munich Reprints in Economics 19476, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenar:19476
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    Cited by:

    1. Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie Vincent, 2018. "Does peacetime military service affect crime? New evidence from Denmark’s conscription lotteries," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 245-262.
    2. PanuPoutvaara & AndreasWagener, 2011. "Ending Military Conscription," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 9(02), pages 36-43, July.
    3. David Stadelmann & Marco Portmann & Reiner Eichenberger, 2018. "Military Service of Politicians, Public Policy, and Parliamentary Decisions," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 64(4), pages 639-666.
    4. Raul Caruso & Antonella Biscione, 2018. "Military Expenditures and Income Inequality Evidence from a Panel of Transition Countries (1990-2015)," Working Papers 1002, European Centre of Peace Science, Integration and Cooperation (CESPIC), Catholic University 'Our Lady of Good Counsel'.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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