To draft or not to draft? Inefficiency, generational incidence, and political economy of military conscription
We study the military draft as a form of intergenerational redistribution, taking into account endogenous human capital formation. Introducing the military draft initially benefits the older generation while it harms the young and all future generations. As it distorts human capital formation more severely than an equivalent intergenerational transfer using public debt or pay-as-you-go pensions, the draft can be abolished in a Pareto-improving way if age-dependent taxes are available. In the absence of age-specific taxes, the political allure of the draft can be explained by the specific intergenerational incidence of its costs and benefits.
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|Date of creation:||2007|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in European Journal of Political Economy 4 23(2007): pp. 975-987|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Ludwigstr. 28, 80539 Munich, Germany|
Web page: http://www.vwl.uni-muenchen.de
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- Panu Poutvaara & Andreas Wagener, 2005.
"To Draft or not to Draft? Efficiency, Generational Incidence, and Political Economy of Military Conscription,"
CESifo Working Paper Series
1454, CESifo Group Munich.
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- Poutvaara, Panu & Wagener, Andreas, 2007. "To draft or not to draft? Inefficiency, generational incidence, and political economy of military conscription," Munich Reprints in Economics 19826, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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