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Financial development and innovation-led growth: Is too much finance better?

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  • Zhu, Xiaoyang
  • Asimakopoulos, Stylianos
  • Kim, Jaebeom

Abstract

We show that the expansion of financial sector may hurt innovative activities and hence the innovation-led growth, using data on 50 countries over the 1990–2016 period. Countries with higher level of financial development are found to have a smaller positive or insignificant effect on innovation. The marginal effect of innovation on growth is a decreasing function of financial development. Using a dynamic panel threshold method we re-examine the possible non-linearity between finance, innovation and growth. We find that innovation exhibits an insignificant effect on output growth when credit to the private sector exceeds a threshold level of about 60% as a share of GDP. These results are not driven by banking crises, the long run effect of 2007–2008 financial crisis, or the ongoing European sovereign debt crisis.

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  • Zhu, Xiaoyang & Asimakopoulos, Stylianos & Kim, Jaebeom, 2020. "Financial development and innovation-led growth: Is too much finance better?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:100:y:2020:i:c:s0261560618307587
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2019.102083
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial development; Innovation; Growth; Threshold effect;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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