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Unconventional Monetary Policy and Bank Lending Relationships

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  • C. Cahn
  • A. Duquerroy
  • W. Mullins

Abstract

How to support private lending to firms in recessions is a major open question. This paper uses an unexpected change in the collateral framework of the European Central Bank that reduced the cost of funding loans to a subset of firms in France in 2012, to examine how bank adjust their corporate lending portfolio in a downturn. It provides causal evidence that targeted unconventional monetary policy can be an effective lever to increase private credit and reduce contagion of financial distress. The effect is strongly driven by firms with only a single bank relationship, especially less risky borrowers with information intensive banking relationships.

Suggested Citation

  • C. Cahn & A. Duquerroy & W. Mullins, 2017. "Unconventional Monetary Policy and Bank Lending Relationships," Working papers 659, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:659
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    2. Bogdan Włodarczyk & Marek Szturo & George H. Ionescu & Daniela Firoiu & Ramona Pirvu & Roxana Badircea, 2018. "The impact of credit availability on small and medium companies," Post-Print hal-01773998, HAL.
    3. William Mullins & Patricio Toro, 2018. "Credit Guarantees and New Bank Relationships," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 820, Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Paolo Fegatelli, 2019. "Central bank digital currencies: The case of universal central bank reserves," BCL working papers 130, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    5. Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Paul Hubert, 2018. "The effect and risks of ECB collateral framework changes," SciencePo Working papers Main hal-03475456, HAL.
    6. Miguel Acosta-Henao & Sangeeta Pratap & Manuel Taboada, 2022. "Four facts about relationship lending: The case of Chile 2012-2019," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 956, Central Bank of Chile.
    7. Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat & Hélène Maghin, 2018. "The inverted-U relationship between credit access and productivity growth," CEP Discussion Papers dp1588, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Christophe CAHN & Anne DUQUERROY, 2018. "Non-standard monetary policy: what impact on small and medium-sized enterprises financing?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 65, June.
    9. Philippe Aghion & Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat & Hélène Maghin, 2019. "Coase Lecture ‐ The Inverted‐U Relationship Between Credit Access and Productivity Growth," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 86(341), pages 1-31, January.
    10. Bank for International Settlements, 2019. "Unconventional monetary policy tools: a cross-country analysis," CGFS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 63.
    11. Dirk Schoenmaker, 2021. "Greening monetary policy," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 581-592, April.
    12. Woo Jin Choi & Ju Hyun Pyun & Youngjin Yun, 2020. "Reserve Accumulation and Firm Investment: Evidence from Matched Bank–Firm Data," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2020_027, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    13. Matthias Kaldorf & Florian Wicknig, 2021. "Risky Financial Collateral, Firm Heterogeneity, and the Impact of Eligibility Requirements," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 123, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    14. Luck, Stephan & Zimmermann, Tom, 2020. "Employment effects of unconventional monetary policy: Evidence from QE," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(3), pages 678-703.
    15. Duquerroy Anne & Adrien Matray & Saidi Farzad, 2020. "Sticky Deposit Rates and Allocative Effects of Monetary Policy," Working papers 794, Banque de France.
    16. Jasova, Martina & Mendicino, Caterina & Supera, Dominik, 2021. "Policy uncertainty, lender of last resort and the real economy," Working Paper Series 2521, European Central Bank.
    17. Lucia Esposito & Davide Fantino & Yeji Sung, 2020. "The impact of TLTRO2 on the Italian credit market: some econometric evidence," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1264, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    18. Christophe Cahn & Mattia Girotti & Federica Salvadè, 2018. "External Credit Ratings and Bank Lending," Working papers 691, Banque de France.
    19. Ouerk, Salima & Boucher, Christophe & Lubochinsky, Catherine, 2020. "Unconventional monetary policy in the Euro Area: Shadow rate and light effets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    20. Bogdan Włodarczyk & Marek Szturo & George H. Ionescu & Daniela Firoiu & Ramona Pirvu & Roxana Badircea, 2018. "The impact of credit availability on small and medium companies," Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, VsI Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, vol. 5(3), pages 565-580, March.
    21. Carbó-Valverde, Santiago & Cuadros-Solas, Pedro J. & Rodríguez-Fernández, Francisco, 2021. "The impact of lending relationships on the choice and structure of bond underwriting syndicates," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).

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    Keywords

    Unconventional Monetary Policy; Relationship Banking; SME finance; Bank Lending; Small Business; Collateral.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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