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Targeted monetary policy and bank lending behavior

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  • Benetton, Matteo
  • Fantino, Davide

Abstract

We exploit an allocation rule set by the ECB for the first series of TLTROs to study the effects of targeted monetary policy on banks’ credit supply to firms. Combining transaction-level data from the Italian credit register and an instrumental variable identification strategy, we find that targeted longer-term central bank liquidity decreased rates and increased loan amounts, also avoiding some unintended consequences of untargeted measures, such as carry-trade strategies and risk shifting. We show that the outward shift in banks’ credit supply was heterogeneous, taking place only in more competitive banking markets, with stronger effects for smaller and safer firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Benetton, Matteo & Fantino, Davide, 2021. "Targeted monetary policy and bank lending behavior," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 404-429.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:142:y:2021:i:1:p:404-429
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2021.05.002
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    Cited by:

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    2. Nelimarkka, Jaakko & Laine, Olli-Matti, 2021. "The effects of the ECB's pandemic-related monetary policy measures," BoF Economics Review 4/2021, Bank of Finland.
    3. Shouwei Li & Xin Wu, 2023. "How does climate risk affect bank loan supply? Empirical evidence from China," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 56(4), pages 2169-2204, August.
    4. Onali, Enrico & Mascia, Danilo V., 2022. "Corporate diversification and stock risk: Evidence from a global shock," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    5. Marcel Barmeier & Juraj Falath & Alena Kissova & Adriana Lojschova, 2023. "Impact of TLTRO III on bank lending: The Slovak experience," Working and Discussion Papers WP 2/2023, Research Department, National Bank of Slovakia.
    6. Fungáécová, Zuzana & Kerola, Eeva & Laine, Olli-Matti, 2023. "Monetary policy transmission below zero," Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 11/2023, Bank of Finland.
    7. Antoniades, Adonis, 2021. "Monetary easing and the lending concentration channel of monetary policy transmission," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    8. Bottero, Margherita & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydró, José-Luis & Polo, Andrea & Presbitero, Andrea F. & Sette, Enrico, 2022. "Expansionary yet different: Credit supply and real effects of negative interest rate policy," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(2), pages 754-778.
    9. Fudulache, Adina-Elena & Goetz, Martin R., 2023. "Long-term deposit funding and demand for central bank funds: Evidence from targeted longer-term refinancing operations," Discussion Papers 12/2023, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    10. Christian Bittner & Alexander Rodnyansky & Farzad Saidi & Yannick Timmer, 2021. "Mixing QE and Interest Rate Policies at the Effective Lower Bound: Micro Evidence from the Euro Area," CESifo Working Paper Series 9363, CESifo.
    11. Francesco Bripi, 2023. "The impact of credit substitution between banks on investment," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1408, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    12. Marta Gómez-Puig & Mary Pieterse-Bloem & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero, 2022. ""Dynamic connectedness between credit and liquidity risks in EMU sovereign debt markets"," IREA Working Papers 202217, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Oct 2022.
    13. Orame, Andrea & Ramcharan, Rodney & Robatto, Roberto, 2023. "Quantitative easing, accounting and prudential frameworks, and bank lending," ESRB Working Paper Series 144, European Systemic Risk Board.
    14. Laine, Olli-Matti, 2022. "Evidence about the transmission of monetary policy," Bank of Finland Scientific Monographs, Bank of Finland, volume 0, number e53.
    15. Sharon Lai & Kevin Lane & Laura Nunn, 2022. "The Term Funding Facility: Has It Encouraged Business Lending?," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2022-07, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    16. Perdichizzi, Salvatore & Duqi, Andi & Molyneux, Philip & Tamimi, Hussein Al, 2023. "Does unconventional monetary policy boost local economic development? The case of TLTROs and Italy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 148(C).
    17. Sander Lammers & Massimo Giuliodori & Robert Schmitz & Adam Elbourne, 2023. "Bank Funding, SME lending and Risk Taking," CPB Discussion Paper 447, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    18. Emilie Da Silva & Vincent Grossmann-Wirth & Benoit Nguyen & Miklos Vari, 2021. "Paying Banks to Lend? Evidence from the Eurosystem's TLTRO and the Euro Area Credit Registry," Working papers 848, Banque de France.
    19. Laine, Olli-Matti & Nelimarkka, Jaakko, 2023. "Assessing targeted longer-term refinancing operations: Identification through search intensity," Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers 13/2023, Bank of Finland.
    20. Kleimeier, Stefanie & Sander, Harald, 2022. "Twenty years with the Euro: Eurozone banking market integration revisited," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).
    21. Gocheva, Viktoriya & Mudde, Yvo & Tapking, Jens, 2022. "Liquidity coverage ratios and monetary policy credit in the time of Corona," Working Paper Series 2668, European Central Bank.
    22. Barbiero, Francesca & Burlon, Lorenzo & Dimou, Maria & Toczynski, Jan, 2022. "Targeted monetary policy, dual rates and bank risk taking," Working Paper Series 2682, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unconventional monetary policy; Bank competition; Pass-through; Central bank liquidity; Small businesses;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design

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