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Expansionary Yet Different: Credit Supply and Real Effects of Negative Interest Rate Policy

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  • Bottero, Margherita
  • Minoiu, Camelia
  • Peydro, Jose-Luis
  • Polo, Andrea
  • Presbitero, Andrea
  • Sette, Enrico

Abstract

We show that negative interest rate policy (NIRP) has expansionary effects on bank credit supply-and the real economy-through a portfolio rebalancing channel, and that, by shifting down and flattening the yield curve, NIRP differs from rate cuts just above the zero lower bound. For identification, we exploit ECB's NIRP and matched administrative datasets-including the credit register-from Italy, severely hit by the Eurozone crisis. NIRP affects banks with higher ex-ante net short-term interbank positions or, more broadly, more liquid balance-sheets. NIRP-affected banks rebalance their portfolios from liquid assets to lending, especially to ex-ante riskier and smaller firms-without higher ex-post delinquencies-and cut loan rates (even to the same firm), inducing sizable firm-level real effects. By contrast, there is no evidence of a retail deposits channel associated with NIRP.

Suggested Citation

  • Bottero, Margherita & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydro, Jose-Luis & Polo, Andrea & Presbitero, Andrea & Sette, Enrico, 2019. "Expansionary Yet Different: Credit Supply and Real Effects of Negative Interest Rate Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 14233, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:14233
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    Cited by:

    1. Altavilla, Carlo & Burlon, Lorenzo & Giannetti, Mariassunta & Holton, Sarah, 2022. "Is there a zero lower bound? The effects of negative policy rates on banks and firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 144(3), pages 885-907.
    2. Johannes Bubeck & Angela Maddaloni & José‐Luis Peydró, 2020. "Negative Monetary Policy Rates and Systemic Banks' Risk‐Taking: Evidence from the Euro Area Securities Register," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 197-231, October.
    3. Repullo, Rafael, 2020. "The Reversal Interest Rate: A Critical Review," CEPR Discussion Papers 15367, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Altavilla, Carlo & Burlon, Lorenzo & Giannetti, Mariassunta & Holton, Sarah, 2019. "Is There a Zero Lower Bound? The Effects of Negative Policy Rates on Banks and Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 14050, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Sá, Ana Isabel & Jorge, José, 2019. "Does the deposits channel work under a low interest rate environment?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 185(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank lending channel of monetary policy; eurozone crisis; Liquidity management; Negative Interest Rates; Portfolio rebalancing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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