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Expansionary Yet Different: Credit Supply and Real Effects of Negative Interest Rate Policy

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  • Bottero, Margherita
  • Minoiu, Camelia
  • Peydró, José-Luis
  • Polo, Andrea
  • Presbitero, Andrea
  • Sette, Enrico

Abstract

We show that negative interest rate policy (NIRP) has expansionary effects on bank credit supply and firm outcomes through a portfolio rebalancing channel. For identification, we exploit ECB's NIRP and credit register, firm- and bank-level datasets. NIRP affects relatively more banks with higher ex-ante net interbank positions or more liquid balance sheets. More exposed banks reduce liquid assets, expand credit supply to ex-ante riskier firms, and cut rates, inducing sizable firm-level real effects. By shifting down and flattening the yield curve, NIRP differs from rate cuts just above the zero-lower-bound. We find no evidence of a contractionary retail deposit channel.

Suggested Citation

  • Bottero, Margherita & Minoiu, Camelia & Peydró, José-Luis & Polo, Andrea & Presbitero, Andrea & Sette, Enrico, 2020. "Expansionary Yet Different: Credit Supply and Real Effects of Negative Interest Rate Policy," EconStor Preprints 216807, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:216807
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    1. Johannes Bubeck & Angela Maddaloni & José‐Luis Peydró, 2020. "Negative Monetary Policy Rates and Systemic Banks' Risk‐Taking: Evidence from the Euro Area Securities Register," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 197-231, October.
    2. Rafael Repullo, 2020. "The Reversal Interest Rate. A Critical Review," Working Papers wp2020_2021, CEMFI.
    3. Altavilla, Carlo & Burlon, Lorenzo & Giannetti, Mariassunta & Holton, Sarah, 2019. "Is There a Zero Lower Bound? The Effects of Negative Policy Rates on Banks and Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 14050, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Sá, Ana Isabel & Jorge, José, 2019. "Does the deposits channel work under a low interest rate environment?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 185(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    negative nominal interest rates; firm-level real effects; Eurozone crisis; portfolio rebalancing; liquidity management;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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