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Macroprudential policy, countercyclical bank capital buffers and credit supply: Evidence from the Spanish dynamic provisioning experiments

We analyze the impact of countercyclical capital buffers held by banks on the supply of credit to firms and their subsequent performance. Spain introduced dynamic provisioning unrelated to specific bank loan losses in 2000 and modified its formula parameters in 2005 and 2008. In each case, individual banks were impacted differently. The resultant bank-specific shocks to capital buffers, coupled with comprehensive bank-, firm-, loan-, and loan application-level data, allow us to identify its impact on the supply of credit and on real activity. Our estimates show that countercyclical dynamic provisioning smooths cycles in the supply of credit and in bad times upholds firm financing and performance.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra in its series Economics Working Papers with number 1315.

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Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision: Feb 2013
Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1315
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