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Macroprudential policy, countercyclical bank capital buffers and credit supply: Evidence from the Spanish dynamic provisioning experiments

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Abstract

To study the impact of macroprudential policy on credit supply cycles and real effects, we analyze dynamic provisioning, which implies pro-cyclical bank capital regulation. Introduced in Spain in 2000, revised four times and tested in its counter-cyclicality during the crisis, it affected banks differentially. Accessing an exhaustive credit register, we find that dynamic provisioning smooths credit supply cycles and, in bad times, supports firm performance. A policy-induced one-percentage point (pp) increase in capital buffers extends credit to firms by 9 pp, increasing firm employment (6 pp) and survival (1 pp). Moreover, there are important compositional effects in credit supply related to risk and regulatory arbitrage by non-regulated and regulated-but-less-affected banks.

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  • Gabriel Jiménez & Steven Ongena & José-Luis Peydró & Jesús Saurina, 2012. "Macroprudential policy, countercyclical bank capital buffers and credit supply: Evidence from the Spanish dynamic provisioning experiments," Economics Working Papers 1315, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Aug 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1315
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    Keywords

    bank capital; dynamic provisioning; credit availability; financial crisis.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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