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Do Demand or Supply Factors Drive Bank Credit, in Good and Crisis Times?

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  • Jiménez, Gabriel
  • Ongena, Steven
  • Peydró, José-Luis
  • Saurina, Jesús

Abstract

We analyze the impact of balance-sheet strength on credit availability. Bank balance sheets are weak in crisis times, but so are those of firms, and credit demand is then also weak. For identification, we exploit an administrative dataset of loan applications matched with bank and firm variables covering Spain from 2002 to 2010. Bank balance-sheet strength determines the granting of loan applications only in crisis times, while firm balance-sheet strength – notably leverage – determines strongly this granting in both good and crisis times. Our findings underscore the importance of the strength of corporate balance sheets over credit supply for credit availability.

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  • Jiménez, Gabriel & Ongena, Steven & Peydró, José-Luis & Saurina, Jesús, 2017. "Do Demand or Supply Factors Drive Bank Credit, in Good and Crisis Times?," EconStor Preprints 216802, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:216802
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    9. Kneer, Christiane & Raabe, Alexander, 2019. "Tracking foreign capital: the effect of capital inflows on bank lending in the UK," Bank of England working papers 804, Bank of England.
    10. Rehbein, Oliver, 2018. "Flooded through the back door: Firm-level effects of banks' lending shifts," IWH Discussion Papers 4/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    11. Rodrigo Barbone Gonzalez, 2019. "Monetary policy surprises and employment: evidence from matched bank-firm loan data on the bank lending-channel," BIS Working Papers 799, Bank for International Settlements.
    12. Yvan Becard & David Gauthier, 2022. "Collateral Shocks," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 83-103, January.
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    14. Jiaming Soh, 2019. "Disentangling the Supply and Demand Factors of Household Credit in Malaysia: Evidence from the Credit Register," IFC Bulletins chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Are post-crisis statistical initiatives completed?, volume 49, Bank for International Settlements.
    15. McQuinn, John, 2019. "SME access to finance in Europe: structural change and the legacy of the crisis," Research Technical Papers 10/RT/19, Central Bank of Ireland.
    16. Jiaming Soh, 2018. "Disentangling the supply and demand factors of household credit in Malaysia: evidence from the credit register," IFC Working Papers 17, Bank for International Settlements.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm balance-sheet channel; credit demand; bank lending channel; credit supply; business cycle; credit crunch; leverage;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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