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Credit demand vs. supply channels: Experimental- and administrative-based evidence

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  • Michelangeli, Valentina
  • Sette, Enrico
  • Peydró, José-Luis

Abstract

This paper identifies and quantifies –for the first time– the relative importance of borrower (credit demand) versus bank (supply) balance-sheet channels. We submit fictitious applications (varying households’ characteristics) to the major Italian online-mortgage platform. In this way we ensure that all banks receive exactly the same mortgage applications, and that –for each application– there are other identical ones except for one borrower-level characteristic. We find that: (i) Borrower and bank channels are equally strong in causing (and explaining) loan acceptance (each channel changes acceptance by 50 p.p. for the interquartile range and explains 29% of R-square). (ii) Differently, for pricing, borrower factors are much stronger. (iii) Banks supplying less credit accept riskier borrowers. Finally –exploiting administrative credit register data– we document borrower-lender assortative matching: safer banks have more credit relations with safer firms. Moreover, the measure of credit supply estimated in the experiment (differently from a very similar measure estimated from the observational mortgage data) determines bank credit supply to firms and risk-taking in administrative data.

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  • Michelangeli, Valentina & Sette, Enrico & Peydró, José-Luis, 2020. "Credit demand vs. supply channels: Experimental- and administrative-based evidence," EconStor Preprints 222282, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:222282
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit demand; credit supply; bank lending channel; household balance sheet channel; mortgages; SMEs; risk-taking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G51 - Financial Economics - - Household Finance - - - Household Savings, Borrowing, Debt, and Wealth
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments

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