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The Macroeconomic E¤ects of Housing Wealth, Housing Finance, and Limited Risk-Sharing in General Equilibrium

Author

Listed:
  • Sydney Ludvigson

    (New York University)

  • Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

    (New York University)

  • Jack Favilukis

    (London School of Economics)

Abstract

bond markets calibrated to match the increase in foreign ownership of U.S. Treasury and agency debt from 2000-2007 generates an increase in national price-rent ratios comparable to that observed in U.S. data over this period. Moreover, in a simulated transition for the period 2000-2009, the model generates a decline of greater than 16% in national house price-rent ratios in the two year period 2007 to 2009, driven by the economic contraction and by a presumed reversal of the financial market liberalization. A financial market liberalization drives risk premia in both the housing and equity market down, shifts the composition of wealth for all age and income groups towards housing, and leads to a short-run boom in aggregate consumption but a short-run bust in investment. By contrast, although an influx of foreign capital into the domestic bond market reduces interest rates, it increases risk premia in both the housing and equity markets. Finally, the model implies that procyclical increases in equilibrium price-rent ratios reflect expectations of lower future housing returns, not higher future rents.

Suggested Citation

  • Sydney Ludvigson & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Jack Favilukis, 2010. "The Macroeconomic E¤ects of Housing Wealth, Housing Finance, and Limited Risk-Sharing in General Equilibrium," 2010 Meeting Papers 733, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:733
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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