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Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Gregory S. Crawford

    (University of Zürich, CEPR and CAGE)

  • Nicola Pavanini

    (Tilburg University and CEPR)

  • Fabiano Schivardi

    (LUISS University, EIEF and CEPR)

Abstract

We study the effects of asymmetric information and imperfect competition in the market for small business lines of credit. We estimate a structural model of credit demand, loan use, pricing, and firm default using matched firm-bank data from Italy. We find evidence of adverse selection in the form of a positive correlation between the unobserved determinants of demand for credit and default. Our counterfactual experiments show that while increases in adverse selection increase prices and defaults on average, reducing credit supply, banks’ market power can mitigate these negative effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory S. Crawford & Nicola Pavanini & Fabiano Schivardi, 2017. "Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets," EIEF Working Papers Series 1712, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Oct 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:eie:wpaper:1712
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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