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Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets

Author

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  • Gregory S. Crawford

    (University of Zürich, CEPR and CAGE)

  • Nicola Pavanini

    (Tilburg University and CEPR)

  • Fabiano Schivardi

    (LUISS University, EIEF and CEPR)

Abstract

We study the effects of asymmetric information and imperfect competition in the market for small business lines of credit. We estimate a structural model of credit demand, loan use, pricing, and firm default using matched firm-bank data from Italy. We find evidence of adverse selection in the form of a positive correlation between the unobserved determinants of demand for credit and default. Our counterfactual experiments show that while increases in adverse selection increase prices and defaults on average, reducing credit supply, banks’ market power can mitigate these negative effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory S. Crawford & Nicola Pavanini & Fabiano Schivardi, 2017. "Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets," EIEF Working Papers Series 1712, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Oct 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:eie:wpaper:1712
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Laser, Falk & Hellwig, Michael, 2019. "Agony of Choice – Trading off Stability and Competition in the Banking Markets," Annual Conference 2019 (Leipzig): 30 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall - Democracy and Market Economy 203536, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. M. Girotti & R. Meade, 2017. "U.S. Savings Banks' Demutualization and Depositor Welfare," Working papers 639, Banque de France.
    3. Matteo Benetton, 2017. "Lenders' Competition and Macro-prudential Regulation: A Model of the UK Mortgage Supermarket," 2017 Meeting Papers 1001, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Barnett, William A. & Su, Liting, 2020. "Financial Firm Production Of Inside Monetary And Credit Card Services: An Aggregation Theoretic Approach," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(1), pages 130-160, January.
    5. Amine Ouazad & Matthew E. Kahn, 2019. "Mortgage Finance in the Face of Rising Climate Risk," NBER Working Papers 26322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Mayordomo, Sergio & Pavanini, Nicola & Tarantino, Emanuele, 2020. "The Impact of Alternative Forms of Bank Consolidation on Credit Supply and Financial Stability," CEPR Discussion Papers 15069, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Louis-Gaëtan Giraudet & Anna Petronevich & Laurent Faucheux, 2019. "How do lenders price energy efficiency? Evidence from personal consumption loans," Working papers 716, Banque de France.
    8. Jedidi, Helmi & Dionne, Georges, 2019. "Testing for information asymmetry in the mortgage servicing market," Working Papers 19-1, HEC Montreal, Canada Research Chair in Risk Management, revised 28 Oct 2019.
    9. Chmelíková, Gabriela & Krauss, Annette & Dvouletý, Ondřej, 2019. "Performance of microfinance institutions in Europe—Does social capital matter?," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    10. Aguirregabiria, Victor & Clark, Robert & Wang, Hui, 2019. "The Geographic Flow of Bank Funding and Access to Credit: Branch Networks, Local Synergies, and Competition," CEPR Discussion Papers 13741, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Memanova, Tamilyam & Mylonidis, Nikolaos, 2020. "Exploring the nexus between bank market power and exports," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 222-233.
    12. Ioannidou, Vasso & Pavanini, Nicola & Peng, Yushi, 2019. "Collateral and Asymmetric Information in Lending Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 13905, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Simone Lenzu & Francesco Manaresi, 2019. "Sources and implications of resource misallocation: new evidence from firm-level marginal products and user costs," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 485, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    14. Hellwig, Michael & Laser, Falk Hendrik, 2019. "Bank mergers in the financial crisis: A competition policy perspective," ZEW Discussion Papers 19-047, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    15. Leonardo Gambacorta & Luigi Guiso & Paolo Emilio Mistrulli & Andrea Pozzi & Anton Tsoy, 2019. "The cost of steering in financial markets: evidence from the mortgage market," BIS Working Papers 835, Bank for International Settlements.
    16. Deuflhard, Florian, 2018. "Quantifying inertia in retail deposit markets," SAFE Working Paper Series 223, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    17. Jonathan Swarbrick, 2019. "Lending Standards, Productivity and Credit Crunches," Staff Working Papers 19-25, Bank of Canada.
    18. R. Matthew Darst & Ehraz Refayet, 2019. "Mixed Signals: Investment Distortions with Adverse Selection," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-044, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    19. Matteo Benetton & Davide Fantino, 2018. "Competition and the pass-through of unconventional monetary policy: evidence from TLTROs," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1187, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    20. Leonardo Gambacorta & Luigi Guiso & Paolo Mistrulli & Andrea Pozzi & Anton Tsoy, 2017. "The Cost of Distorted Financial Advice - Evidence from the Mortgage Market," EIEF Working Papers Series 1713, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Oct 2017.
    21. William Barnett & Liting Su, 2017. "Financial Firm Production Of Inside Monetary And Credit Card Services: An Aggregation Theoretic Approach1," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201707, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2017.
    22. Jing Gu & Junyao Wang & Yang Yang & Zeshui Xu, 2019. "Credit Line Models for Supply Chain Enterprises with Channel Background and Soft Information," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-20, May.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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