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Entry Decisions and Adverse Selection: An Empirical Analysis of Local Credit Markets

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  • Giorgio Gobbi
  • Francesca Lotti

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Abstract

During the last decades there has been a widespread relaxation of legal entry barriers into the banking industry, with potential benefits for financial integration and competition. Obstacles to banks' geographical and business expansion have been removed and branching has been substantially liberalized. This paper analyzes the determinants of entry decisions into local credit markets using a unique data set before and after deregulation of the Italian banking industry. We estimate an entry model � la Poisson and find evidence that spreads between loan and deposit rates drive entry only for newly chartered banks, but does not affect the decision to open branches of banks operating in other markets. Branching by outside banks is instead positively correlated with business opportunities in the provision of financial services which do not require the acquisition of substantial proprietary information. Both these results are consistent with the hypothesis that in credit markets incumbents have an informational advantage over new entrants.
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Suggested Citation

  • Giorgio Gobbi & Francesca Lotti, 2004. "Entry Decisions and Adverse Selection: An Empirical Analysis of Local Credit Markets," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 26(3), pages 225-244, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jfsres:v:26:y:2004:i:3:p:225-244
    DOI: 10.1023/B:FINA.0000040050.85362.a2
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. David Loschiavo, 2016. "Household debt and income inequality: evidence from Italian survey data," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1095, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Crawford, Gregory S. & Pavanini, Nicola & Schivardi, Fabiano, 2015. "Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 227, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    3. Valerio Vacca, 2011. "An unexpected crisis? Looking at pricing effectiveness of different banks," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 814, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Marco Valentini, 2006. "Ristrutturazione del sistema creditizio, piccole e medie imprese e crescita economica nel mezzogiorno," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0065, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    5. Giorgio Gobbi & Roberta Zizza, 2007. "Does the Underground Economy Hold Back Financial Deepening? Evidence from the Italian Credit Market," CEP Discussion Papers dp0789, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. Gabor Bekes & Peter Harasztosi, 2015. "Grid and shake - Spatial aggregation and robustness of regionally estimated elasticities," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1526, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    7. Atul Teckchandani, 2016. "Bank Ownership and Lending Behaviours: The Relevance of Community Links," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 168-174, June.
    8. Felici Roberto & Pagnini Marcello, 2005. "Distance, bank heterogeneity and entry in local banking markets," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 557, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Massimiliano Affinito & Matteo Piazza, 2008. "What are borders made of? An analysis of barriers to European banking integration," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 666, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. H. Evren Damar, 2009. "A Lesson Learned? Pre- And Postcrisis Entry Decisions In Turkish Banking," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 27(1), pages 97-108, January.
    11. Crawfordy, Gregory S & Pavaniniz, Nicola & Schivardi, Fabiano, 2013. "Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in the Loan Market," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 167, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    12. Massimo Libertucci & Francesco Piersante, 2012. "Start-up banks� default and the role of capital," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 890, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. Lorenzo Ciari & Riccardo De Bonis, 2011. "Entry decisions after deregulation: the role of incumbents' market power," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 50, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entry; deregulation; informational barriers; count data; overdispersion.;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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