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Does Local Financial Development Matter?

  • Luigi Guiso
  • Paola Sapienza
  • Luigi Zingales

We study the effects of differences in local financial development within an integrated financial market. To do so, we construct a new indicator of financial development by estimating a regional effect on the probability that, ceteris paribus, a household is shut off from the credit market. By using this indicator we find that financial development enhances the probability an individual starts his own business, favors entry, increases competition, and promotes growth of firms. As predicted by theory, these effects are weaker for larger firms, which can more easily raise funds outside of the local area. Overall, the results suggest local financial development is an important determinant of the economic success of an area even in an environment where there are no frictions to capital movements.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 8923.

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Date of creation: May 2002
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Publication status: published as Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2004. "Does Local Financial Development Matter?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(3), pages 929-969, August.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8923
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