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Does Financial Liberalization Spur Growth?

Listed author(s):
  • Geert Bekaert

    (Columbia University
    National Bureau of Economic Research)

  • Campbell R. Harvey

    ()

    (Duke University
    National Bureau of Economic Research)

  • Christian Lundblad

    (Indiana University, Bloomington,USA)

We show that equity market liberalizations, on average, lead to a one percent increase in annual real economic growth over a five-year period. The effect is robust to alternative definitions of liberalization and does not reflect variation in the world business cycle. The effect also remains intact when liberalization is instrumented with quality of institutions-variables that explain liberalization but not growth and when a growth opportunity measure is included in the regression. Capital account liberalization has a less robust effect on growth than equity market liberalization has. Other simultaneous reforms only partially account for the effect. Finally, we examine why some countries respond to equity market liberalization differently from others.

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Paper provided by National Bank of Belgium in its series Working Paper Research with number 53.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: May 2004
Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:200405-9
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