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Does the Lack of Financial Stability Impair the Transmission of Monetary Policy?

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  • Viral V. Acharya
  • Björn Imbierowicz
  • Sascha Steffen
  • Daniel Teichmann

Abstract

We investigate the transmission of central bank liquidity to bank deposits and loan spreads in Europe over the period from January 2006 to June 2010. We find evidence consistent with an impaired transmission channel due to bank risk. Central bank liquidity does not translate into lower loan spreads for high-risk banks for maturities beyond one year, even as it lowers deposit spreads for both high-risk and low-risk banks. This adversely affects the balance sheets of high-risk bank borrowers, leading to lower payouts, capital expenditures and employment. Overall, our results suggest that banks’ capital constraints at the time of an easing of monetary policy pose a challenge to the effectiveness of the bank-lending channel and the central bank's lender-of-last-resort function.

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  • Viral V. Acharya & Björn Imbierowicz & Sascha Steffen & Daniel Teichmann, 2019. "Does the Lack of Financial Stability Impair the Transmission of Monetary Policy?," NBER Working Papers 26479, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26479
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    1. Matteo Crosignani & Miguel Faria-e-Castro & Luís Fonseca, 2016. "The (unintended?) consequences of the largest liquidity injection ever," ESRB Working Paper Series 31, European Systemic Risk Board.
    2. Marko Petrovic & Andrea Teglio & Simone Alfarano, 2016. "The role of bank credit allocation: Evidence from the Spanish economy," Working Papers 2016/17, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    3. Buchholz, Manuel & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Do conventional monetary policy instruments matter in unconventional times?," IWH Discussion Papers 12/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    4. Kick, Thomas & Koetter, Michael & Storz, Manuela, 2016. "Cross-border transmission of emergency liquidity," Discussion Papers 34/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Carlo Altavilla & Fabio Canova & Matteo Ciccarelli, 2016. "Mending the broken link: heterogeneous bank lending and monetary policy pass-through," Working Papers No 9/2016, Centre for Applied Macro- and Petroleum economics (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School.
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    8. David Byrne & Robert Kelly, 2019. "Bank asset quality & monetary policy pass-through," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(23), pages 2501-2521, May.
    9. Guler, Ozan & Mariathasan, Mike & Mulier, Klaas & Okatan, Nejat G., 2019. "The Real Effects of Credit Supply: Review, Synthesis, and Future Directions," MPRA Paper 96542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. C. Cahn & A. Duquerroy & W. Mullins, 2017. "Unconventional Monetary Policy and Bank Lending Relationships," Working papers 659, Banque de France.
    11. Viral V. Acharya & Sascha Steffen, 2016. "Capital Markets Union in Europe: Why other Unions must lead the Way," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 152(IV), pages 319-329, December.
    12. Betz, Frank & De Santis, Roberto A., 2019. "ECB corporate QE and the loan supply to bank-dependent firms," Working Paper Series 2314, European Central Bank.
    13. Carla Soares & Diana Bonfim & Nuno Alves, 2016. "Surviving the perfect storm: the role of the lender of last resort," Working Papers w201617, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    14. Altavilla, Carlo & C. Andreeva, Desislava & Boucinha, Miguel & Holton, Sarah, 2019. "Monetary policy, credit institutions and the bank lending channel in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 222, European Central Bank.
    15. Andrea Venegoni & Massimiliano Serati, 2017. "The Symmetry of ECB Monetary Policy Impact Under Scrutiny: An Assessment," LIUC Papers in Economics 306, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    16. repec:oup:qjecon:v:133:y:2018:i:1:p:129-190. is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Jakob de Haan & Marco Hoeberichts & Renske Maas & Federica Teppa, 2016. "Inflation in the euro area and why it matters," DNB Occasional Studies 1403, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

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    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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