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The EONIA spread before and during the crisis of 2007–2009: The role of liquidity and credit risk

  • Beirne, John

This paper provides an empirical assessment of the factors affecting the spread between the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA) and the main policy rate of the European Central Bank (ECB). Up until the period when Lehman Brothers collapsed in mid-September 2008, the spread was small and positive. After this point, the liquidity surplus that developed from the fixed rate full allotment tendering arrangement in refinancing operations drove the widening of EONIA spread (trading below the ECB policy rate), although other factors also played a significant role. This paper explains the drivers of spread across alternative non-crisis/crisis regimes. In addition, the paper examines how the EONIA spread reacts to shocks imposed on a range of liquidity and credit risk factors in alternative crisis/non-crisis regimes. The results have implications for factors that should be monitored closely across both regimes, and also the implications that this may have for steering an unsecured overnight rate in crisis times.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261560611001471
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Money and Finance.

Volume (Year): 31 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 534-551

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:31:y:2012:i:3:p:534-551
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/30443

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