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The 2007 Subprime Market Crisis Through the Lens of European Central Bank Auctions for Short-Term Funds

Author

Listed:
  • Nuno Cassola

    (European Central Bank)

  • Ali Hortacsu

    (Department of Economics, University of Chicago)

  • Jakub Kastl

    () (Department of Economics, Stanford Univeristy)

Abstract

In this paper we study European banks’ demand for short-term funds during the 2007 subprime market crisis. We use bidding data from the European Central Bank’s auctions for one-week loans. Through a model of bidding, we show that bank behavior reflects the cost of obtaining short-term funds elsewhere as well as a strategic response to other bidders. We find considerable heterogeneity across banks in their willingness to pay for short-term funds supplied in these auctions. Accounting for the strategic component is important: while a naive interpretation of the raw bidding data may suggest that virtually all banks suffered a dramatic increase in the cost of obtaining funds in the interbank market, we find that for about one third of the banks, the change in bidding behavior was simply a strategic response. Using a complementary dataset, we also find that bank pre-turmoil liquidity costs, as estimated by our model, are predictive of their post-turmoil liquidity costs, and that there is considerable heterogeneity in these costs with respect to the country-of-origin. Finally, among the publicly traded banks, the willingness to pay for short-term funds in the second half of 2007 are predictive of stock prices in late 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Cassola & Ali Hortacsu & Jakub Kastl, 2009. "The 2007 Subprime Market Crisis Through the Lens of European Central Bank Auctions for Short-Term Funds," Discussion Papers 08-039, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:sip:dpaper:08-039
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Kastl, Jakub, 2012. "On the properties of equilibria in private value divisible good auctions with constrained bidding," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(6), pages 339-352.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Boissel, Charles & Derrien, François & Ors, Evren & Thesmar, David, 2017. "Systemic risk in clearing houses: Evidence from the European repo market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(3), pages 511-536.
    2. Xavier Vives, 2011. "Strategic Supply Function Competition With Private Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(6), pages 1919-1966, November.
    3. Raddatz, Claudio, 2010. "When the rivers run dry : liquidity and the use of wholesale funds in the transmission of the U.S. subprime crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5203, The World Bank.
    4. Xavier Vives, 2014. "On The Possibility Of Informationally Efficient Markets," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 12(5), pages 1200-1239, October.
    5. repec:eee:riibaf:v:43:y:2018:i:c:p:79-89 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Galina Hale & Maurice Obstfeld, 2016. "The Euro And The Geography Of International Debt Flows," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 115-144, February.
    7. Craig, Ben R. & Fecht, Falko & Tümer-Alkan, Günseli, 2015. "The role of interbank relationships and liquidity needs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 99-111.
    8. Vives, Xavier, 2011. "A large-market rational expectations equilibrium model," IESE Research Papers D/924, IESE Business School.
    9. Massimiliano Affinito, 2013. "Central bank refinancing, interbank markets, and the hypothesis of liquidity hoarding: evidence from a euro-area banking system," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 928, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Michal Fabinger & E. Glen Weyl, 2016. "The Average-Marginal Relationship and Tractable Equilibrium Forms," Papers 1611.02270, arXiv.org.
    11. La׳O, Jennifer, 2014. "Predatory trading, Stigma and the Fed׳s Term Auction Facility," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 57-75.
    12. E. Weyl & Michal Fabinger, 2015. "A Tractable Approach to Pass-Through Patterns," 2015 Meeting Papers 747, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Jason Allen & Ali Hortaçsu & Jakub Kastl, 2011. "Analyzing Default Risk and Liquidity Demand during a Financial Crisis: The Case of Canada," Staff Working Papers 11-17, Bank of Canada.
    14. Koulischer, François & Struyven, Daan, 2014. "Central bank liquidity provision and collateral quality," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 113-130.
    15. Häfner, Samuel, 2015. "Value Bounds and Best Response Violations in Discriminatory Share Auctions," Working papers 2015/14, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    16. Yeon-Koo Che & Chongwoo Choe & Keeyoung Rhee, 2015. "Bailout Stigma," Monash Economics Working Papers 26-15, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    17. Smimou, K., 2014. "Consumer attitudes, stock market liquidity, and the macro economy: A Canadian perspective," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 186-209.
    18. repec:fip:fedreq:00050 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    multiunit auctions; primary market; structural estimation; subprime market; liquidity crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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