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Disentangling demand and supply in credit developments: a survey-based analysis for Italy

  • Paolo Del Giovane

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Ginette Eramo

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Andrea Nobili

    ()

    (Bank of Italy)

This paper combines qualitative information from the Eurosystem Bank Lending Survey with micro-data on loan prices and quantities for the participating Italian banks to assess the role of supply and demand factors in credit developments, with a focus on the sharp slowdown of 2008-09. Both demand and supply have played a relevant role, especially for lending to enterprises, in the whole sample period and during the financial crisis. A counterfactual exercise shows that the effect of supply factors on the growth of lending to firms was strongest after the Lehman collapse. On average, over the crisis period (2007q3-2009q4) the negative effect on the annualized quarter-on-quarter growth rate of the panel banks� lending to enterprises can be estimated in a range of 2.2 to 3.1 percentage points, depending on the specification. About one fourth of the total supply effect can be attributed to costs related to the banks� balance sheet position, the rest to their perception of credit risk.

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Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 764.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_764_10
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Web page: http://www.bancaditalia.it

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