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Assessing the Sources of Credit Supply Tightening: Was the Sovereign Debt Crisis Different from Lehman?

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  • Paolo Del Giovane

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Andrea Nobili

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Federico M. Signoretti

    (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

We estimate a structural econometric model for the credit market in Italy, using bank-level data on lending and interest rates and identifying shifts in demand and supply based on the responses of Italian banks to the Eurosystem’s Bank Lending Survey. We distinguish supply restrictions due to increased borrowers’ riskiness from those due to banks’ balance sheet constraints, and test for the presence of credit rationing. We assess whether the effects of supply tightening differed during the sovereign debt crisis compared with the global financial crisis. We find that the effects of supply shocks transmit to loan quantities via an increase in lending rates and are larger when they reflect banks’ funding difficulties as opposed to a deterioration of borrowers’ riskiness. During phases of acute financial tensions, there is evidence of credit-rationing phenomena, related to banks’ assessment of the constraints on their capital position. Based on a counterfactual exercise, the effects of the supply restriction on the cost and amount of credit were larger during the sovereign debt crisis than the global crisis, mostly reflecting the larger contribution of banks’ funding conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Del Giovane & Andrea Nobili & Federico M. Signoretti, 2017. "Assessing the Sources of Credit Supply Tightening: Was the Sovereign Debt Crisis Different from Lehman?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 197-234, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2017:q:2:a:6
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    3. Avouyi-Dovi, S. & Horny, G. & Sevestre, P., 2017. "The stability of short-term interest rates pass-through in the euro area during the financial market and sovereign debt crises," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 74-94.
    4. Luisa Carpinelli & Matteo Crosignani, 2017. "The Effect of Central Bank Liquidity Injections on Bank Credit Supply," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-038, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Antonio M. Conti & Andrea Nobili & Federico M. Signoretti, 2018. "Bank capital constraints, lending supply and economic activity," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1199, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    6. Ugo Albertazzi & Andrea Nobili & Federico M. Signoretti, 2021. "The Bank Lending Channel of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 53(2-3), pages 261-299, March.
    7. Stefano Neri & Tiziano Ropele, 2015. "The macroeconomic effects of the sovereign debt crisis in the euro area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1007, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Amanda Carmignani & Guido de Blasio & Cristina Demma & Alessio D'Ignazio, 2019. "Urban agglomerations and firm access to credit," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1222, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Lorenzo Burlon & Davide Fantino & Andrea Nobili & Gabriele Sene, 2016. "The quantity of corporate credit rationing with matched bank-firm data," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1058, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. Cyril Couaillier & Thomas Ferrière & Valerio Scalone, 2019. "ALIENOR, a Macrofinancial Model for Macroprudential Policy," Working papers 724, Banque de France.
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    12. Andrea Linarello & Andrea Petrella & Enrico Sette, 2019. "Allocative Efficiency and Finance," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 487, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. Ginette Eramo & Roberto Felici & Paolo Finaldi Russo & Federico Signoretti, 2018. "How slow is the recovery of loans to firms in Italy?," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 469, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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