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Credit demand and supply in Italy during the financial crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Panetta

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Federico M. Signoretti

    () (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

The paper analyzes developments in bank lending in Italy during the financial crisis, assessing the relative contribution of demand and supply factors to lending deceleration. We find that the slowdown in lending was mainly due to a reduction in demand. For households, this can be attributed to the weakness of the real estate market and to the fall in consumption; for firms, a diminution in financing needs, due in turn to the sharp contraction of investment. Credit market indicators and empirical studies suggest that lending growth may also have been curbed by tensions in credit supply. These tensions mainly reflected the increase in borrower risk, as well as the impact of the crisis � especially in its first phase � on banks� capital, liquidity, and ability to access external funding. Econometric analyses corroborate these indications, suggesting that the overall impact of banks� conditions on the lending slowdown was modest. Over the next few months, supply tensions could persist, but the risk of a limitation of credit will be moderated by the economic recovery and the consequent reduction in borrower default risk. There will also be support from public interventions, which have provided financial support to firms, improving their creditworthiness, and strengthened banks� capital and liquidity position.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Panetta & Federico M. Signoretti, 2010. "Credit demand and supply in Italy during the financial crisis," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 63, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_63_10
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/qef/2010-0063/QEF_63.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ijc:ijcjou:y:2017:q:2:a:6 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Paolo Del Giovane & Andrea Nobili & Federico M. Signoretti, 2017. "Assessing the Sources of Credit Supply Tightening: Was the Sovereign Debt Crisis Different from Lehman?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 197-234, June.
    3. Del Giovane, Paolo & Eramo, Ginette & Nobili, Andrea, 2011. "Disentangling demand and supply in credit developments: A survey-based analysis for Italy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 2719-2732, October.
    4. Gaiotti, Eugenio, 2013. "Credit availability and investment: Lessons from the “great recession”," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 212-227.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit demand and supply; financial crisis; Italian economy.;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes

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