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Pro-cyclicality of capital regulation: is it a problem? How to fix it?

Author

Listed:
  • Paolo Angelini

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Andrea Enria

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Stefano Neri

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Fabio Panetta

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Mario Quagliariello

    () (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

We use a macroeconomic euro area model with a bank sector to study the pro-cyclical effect of the capital regulation, focusing on the extra pro-cyclicality induced by Basel II over Basel I. Our results suggest that this incremental effect is modest. We also find that regulators could offset the extra pro-cyclicality by a countercyclical capital-requirements policy. Our results also suggest that banks may have incentives to accumulate countercyclical capital buffers, making this policy less relevant, but this finding is depends on the type of economic shock posited. We also survey different policy options for dealing with procyclicality and discuss the pros and cons of the measures available.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Angelini & Andrea Enria & Stefano Neri & Fabio Panetta & Mario Quagliariello, 2010. "Pro-cyclicality of capital regulation: is it a problem? How to fix it?," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 74, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_74_10
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/qef/2010-0074/QEF_74.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. De Graeve, Ferre, 2008. "The external finance premium and the macroeconomy: US post-WWII evidence," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 3415-3440, November.
    2. Fiorella De Fiore & Oreste Tristani, 2013. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Model of the Credit Channel," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(571), pages 906-931, September.
    3. Aliaga-Díaz, Roger & Olivero, María Pía, 2010. "Is there a financial accelerator in US banking?: Evidence from the cyclicality of banks' price-cost margins," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 167-171, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Karmakar, Sudipto, 2016. "Macroprudential regulation and macroeconomic activity," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 166-178.
    2. Rafael Repullo & Javier Suarez, 2013. "The Procyclical Effects of Bank Capital Regulation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(2), pages 452-490.
    3. Torsten Wezel & Jorge A Chan-Lau & Francesco Columba, 2012. "Dynamic Loan Loss Provisioning; Simulationson Effectiveness and Guide to Implementation," IMF Working Papers 12/110, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Paolo Angelini & Laurent Clerc & Vasco Cúrdia & Leonardo Gambacorta & Andrea Gerali & Alberto Locarno & Roberto Motto & Werner Roeger & Skander Van den Heuvel & Jan Vlček, 2015. "Basel III: Long-term Impact on Economic Performance and Fluctuations," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 83(2), pages 217-251, March.
    5. Malgorzata Olszak, 2015. "The phenomenon of excessive procyclicality of the financial sector from the perspective of macroprudential policy – sources, methods of reduction and their basic limitations (Zjawisko nadmiernej procy," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 13(55), pages 72-96.
    6. Fajar Oktiyanto & Harmanta & Nur M. Adhi Purwanto & Aditya Rachmanto, 2014. "Monetary Macroprudential Policy Mix under Financial Frictions Mechanism with DSGE Model," EcoMod2014 6840, EcoMod.
    7. Guangling (Dave) Liu & Nkhahle E. Seeiso, 2011. "Business Cycle and Bank Capital Regulation: Basel II Procyclicality," Working Papers 221, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    8. Paolo Angelini & Stefano Neri & Fabio Panetta, 2011. "Monetary and macroprudential policies," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 801, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Brzoza-Brzezina, Michał & Kolasa, Marcin & Makarski, Krzysztof, 2013. "The anatomy of standard DSGE models with financial frictions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, pages 32-51.
    10. repec:eee:reveco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:125-148 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Nobili, Andrea & Zollino, Francesco, 2017. "A structural model for the housing and credit market in Italy," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 73-87.
    12. Yaprak Tavman, 2015. "A comparative analysis of macroprudential policies," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(2), pages 334-355.
    13. Michał Brzoza‐Brzezina & Marcin Kolasa, 2013. "Bayesian Evaluation of DSGE Models with Financial Frictions," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(8), pages 1451-1476, December.
    14. Gianni De Nicolò & Andrea Gamba & Marcella Lucchetta, 2014. "Microprudential Regulation in a Dynamic Model of Banking," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, pages 2097-2138.
    15. Falagiarda, Matteo & Saia, Alessandro, 2017. "Credit, Endogenous Collateral and Risky Assets: A DSGE Model," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, pages 125-148.
    16. Rainer Baule & Christian Tallau, 2016. "Revisiting Basel risk weights: cross-sectional risk sensitivity and cyclicality," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 86(8), pages 905-931, November.
    17. Liu, Guangling (Dave) & Seeiso, Nkhahle E., 2012. "Basel II procyclicality: The case of South Africa," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 848-857.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Basel accord; pro-cyclicality;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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