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A penalty function approach to occasionally binding credit constraints

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  • Brzoza-Brzezina, Michał
  • Kolasa, Marcin
  • Makarski, Krzysztof

Abstract

Occasionally binding credit constraints (OBC) have recently been explored as a promising way of modeling financial frictions. However, given their highly non-linear nature, most of the literature has concentrated on small models that can be solved using global methods. In this paper, we investigate the workings of OBC introduced via a smooth penalty function. This allows us to move towards richer models that can be used for policy analysis. We show that in a deterministic setting the OBC approach delivers welcome features, like asymmetry and non-linearity in reaction to shocks. However, feasible local approximations, necessary to generate stochastic simulations, suffer from fatal shortcomings that make their practical application questionable.

Suggested Citation

  • Brzoza-Brzezina, Michał & Kolasa, Marcin & Makarski, Krzysztof, 2013. "A penalty function approach to occasionally binding credit constraints," Dynare Working Papers 27, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:dynare:027
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    2. Andrew Binning & Junior Maih, 2017. "Modelling Occasionally Binding Constraints Using Regime-Switching," Working Paper 2017/23, Norges Bank.
    3. Petra Gerlach-Kristen & Rossana Merola, 2019. "Consumption and credit constraints: a model and evidence from Ireland," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 475-503, August.
    4. Giri, Federico, 2018. "Does interbank market matter for business cycle fluctuation? An estimated DSGE model with financial frictions for the Euro area," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 10-22.
    5. Karmakar, Sudipto, 2016. "Macroprudential regulation and macroeconomic activity," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 166-178.
    6. Jonathan Swarbrick, 2021. "Occasionally Binding Constraints in Large Models: A Review of Solution Methods," Discussion Papers 2021-5, Bank of Canada.
    7. Krzysztof Makarski, 2017. "Mnożniki fiskalne w modelu z ograniczeniami kredytowymi," GRAPE Working Papers 13, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.
    8. Zacek, Jan, 2020. "Should monetary policy lean against the wind? Simulations based on a DSGE model with an occasionally binding credit constraint," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 293-311.
    9. Torój, Andrzej, 2017. "Managing external macroeconomic imbalances in the EU: the welfare cost of scoreboard-based constraints," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 293-311.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial frictions; DSGE models; occasionally binding constraints; penalty function;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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