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The role of bank capital in the propagation of shocks

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  • Meh, Césaire A.
  • Moran, Kevin

Abstract

The recent financial turmoil has underlined the importance of analyzing the link between banks' balance sheets and economic activity. We develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model in which bank capital mitigates an agency problem between banks and their creditors. As a result, the capital position of banks affects their ability to attract loanable funds and therefore influences the business cycle through a bank capital channel of transmission. We find that the bank capital channel greatly amplifies and propagates the effects of technology shocks on output, investment and inflation. Moreover, bank capital shocks create sizeable declines in output and investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Meh, Césaire A. & Moran, Kevin, 2010. "The role of bank capital in the propagation of shocks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 555-576, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:34:y:2010:i:3:p:555-576
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank capital Capital adequacy ratio Financial frictions Transmission mechanism of monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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