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An Overview of Macroprudential Policy Tools

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  • Mr. Stijn Claessens

Abstract

Macroprudential policies – caps on loan to value ratios, limits on credit growth and other balance sheets restrictions, (countercyclical) capital and reserve requirements and surcharges, and Pigouvian levies – have become part of the policy paradigm in emerging markets and advanced countries alike. But knowledge is still limited on these tools. Macroprudential policies ought to be motivated by market failures and externalities, but these can be hard to identify. They can also interact with various other policies, such as monetary and microprudential, raising coordination issues. Some countries, especially emerging markets, have used these tools and analyses suggest that some can reduce procyclicality and crisis risks. Yet, much remains to be studied, including tools’ costs ? by adversely affecting resource allocations; how to best adapt tools to country circumstances; and preferred institutional designs, including how to address political economy risks. As such, policy makers should move carefully in adopting tools.

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  • Mr. Stijn Claessens, 2014. "An Overview of Macroprudential Policy Tools," IMF Working Papers 2014/214, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2014/214
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; externality; monetary policy; bank; credit crunch; Financial stability; financial intermediation; externalities; market failures; procyclicality; systemic risks; capital requirement; resource allocation; interconnectedness externality; market failures policy; bank leverage; house price inflation; assets bank; foreign currency; Macroprudential policy; Systemic risk; Financial sector stability; Credit; Global;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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