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On gender and growth: The role of intergenerational health externalities and women's occupational constraints

Listed author(s):
  • Agénor, Pierre-Richard
  • Canuto, Otaviano
  • da Silva, Luiz Pereira

This paper studies the growth effects of externalities associated with intergenerational health transmission, health persistence, and access to infrastructure (or lack thereof), which affects women's occupational choices. Following a brief review of the evidence on these issues, a gender-based overlapping generations (OLG) model of endogenous growth that captures these interactions is presented and its properties characterized. The endogeneity of mothers’ rearing time and rearing costs implies that improved access to infrastructure has in general an ambiguous effect on growth. Numerical experiments, based on a calibrated version of the model for low-income countries, show that it is possible for higher investment in infrastructure to actually reduce the steady-state growth rate. The possibility of multiple equilibria induced by an endogenous survival rate is also discussed, and so is the role of public policy in that context.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0954349X14000319
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Structural Change and Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 30 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 132-147

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Handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:30:y:2014:i:c:p:132-147
DOI: 10.1016/j.strueco.2014.05.002
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/525148

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