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Would empowering women initiate the demographic transition in least developed countries?

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  • de la CROIX, David
  • VANDER DONCKT, Marie

Abstract

We examine the pathways by which several dimensions of gender inequalityaffect fertility and growth in a model with nonunitary households.This approach allows for a corner regime with maximum fertility, theabsence of women from the labor market, and gender inequality in education.Policies to ease countries out of the corner regime are promotingmothers' survival and curbing infant mortality, while reducingthe social and institutional gender gap (SIGG) is useless. In theinterior regime, parents consider the impact of their children's educationon their future marital bargaining power, and reducing the SIGG lowersfertility and fosters growth. (c) 2010 by The University of Chicago. Allrights reserved.
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Suggested Citation

  • de la CROIX, David & VANDER DONCKT, Marie, 2010. "Would empowering women initiate the demographic transition in least developed countries?," CORE Discussion Papers RP 2290, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:2290
    Note: In : Journal of Human Capital, 4(2), 85-129, 2010
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/657081
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rodrigo R. Soares, 2005. "Mortality Reductions, Educational Attainment, and Fertility Choice," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 580-601, June.
    2. Francois, Patrick, 1998. "Gender discrimination without gender difference: theory and policy responses," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 1-32, April.
    3. Hazan, Moshe & Zoabi, Hosny, 2005. "Does Longevity Cause Growth?," CEPR Discussion Papers 4931, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Iyigun, Murat & Walsh, Randall P., 2007. "Endogenous gender power, household labor supply and the demographic transition," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 138-155, January.
    5. Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2002. "Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 340-375, June.
    6. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-1059, October.
    7. Michael Bar & Oksana Leukhina, 2010. "Demographic Transition and Industrial Revolution: A Macroeconomic Investigation," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(2), pages 424-451, April.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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