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AIDS, "Reversal" of the Demographic Transition and Economic Development: Evidence from Africa

  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

Using country- and region-level data, I investigate the effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility in Africa during 1985-2000. Results differ depending on the variation used and the estimation method. Between estimates that exploit cross-sectional variation suggest a positive significant effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility, whereas within estimates that are identified of off time-series variation show both positive and negative results depending on the HIV/AIDS variable used. These within estimates are insignificant in most of the specifications.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 12181.

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Date of creation: May 2006
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Publication status: published as Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan, 2012. "AIDS, “reversal” of the demographic transition and economic development: evidence from Africa," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 871-897, July.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:12181
Note: EFG HC
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